Asiatic Cholera

Clinical Study and Experimental Therapy with Streptomycin

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  • Shao Lung Kan Emergency Cholera Hospital of the National Health Administration of China, (Drs. Liu and Ou) the National Hsiang-ya Medical College and the Chungking Central Hospital

After the epidemic of 1873, cholera ceased to be a problem in the United States. Occasional outbreaks occurred on ships arriving from epidemic areas, but the disease never gained further foothold here and perhaps never will except for some unforseen catastrophe. Cholera is still endemic and periodically epidemic in China, India and elsewhere in the orient, and will continue to be as long as there are poverty and overcrowding. During the early summer of 1945 cholera was an added threat to the military operations in progress in southern China.

In May, much earlier than usual, cholera broke out and soon reached alarming proportions in the overcrowded city of Chungking. In June 839 cases with 132 deaths were reported and in July 1250 cases with 220 deaths. By mid-July the epidemic reached its peak, declined gradually and was over by the end of August.

Author Notes

Medical Officer for the study of cholera, United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, Chungking; and from the Jefferson Medical College and Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa.