There can be no question that World War II has given to scientific research an impetus such as has never before been felt in the search for new knowledge and in its application. I need not review for this audience the events which have engendered such a widespread concern for the advance of scientific investigation. Suffice it to say that the developments of the war years have brought to science a wide popular recognition and a public interest hitherto unknown in the United States.
The prosecution of the war required that the Federal Government concern itself extensively with research and development of technological application of new scientific discoveries. This has been true in past wars as far back as the Civil War. The vast scope of global conflict and the evolutionary advance of science, however, have combined to increase the Government's rôle in research during the past six years to a stage which overshadows all previous activities.