Rampant Increase in Cases of Mucormycosis in India and Pakistan: A Serious Cause for Concern during the Ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic

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  • 1 Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad, Pakistan;
  • | 2 Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India;
  • | 3 Karachi Medical & Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan;
  • | 4 Jinnah Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan;
  • | 5 Dera Ghazi Khan Medical College, Punjab, Pakistan;
  • | 6 Fatima Memorial Hospital College of Medicine & Dentistry, Lahore, Pakistan;
  • | 7 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Life Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh;
  • | 8 Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil;
  • | 9 Department of Medicine and General Surgery, Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad, Pakistan;
  • | 10 Medical Research Center, Kateb University, Kabul, Afghanistan

COVID-19 is a global health crisis that continues to pose new challenges all around the world. Amidst the growing pandemic, a spike in the number of mucormycosis cases in India and Pakistan has been reported in COVID-19 patients and in those who have recovered from COVID-19. This increase in cases may be related to the overuse of steroids and zinc, the use of industrial oxygen, unsterilized medical equipment, frequent intubation, a weakened immune system, and pre-existing comorbidities such as diabetes. As a result, it is critical to take steps to handle the current increase in mucormycosis cases. Therefore, this article aims to highlight the existence of mucormycosis amidst the COVID-19 pandemic in India and Pakistan, focusing on possible causes and implications, and suggests important plans of action to be taken during this pandemic.

Author Notes

Address correspondence to Mohammad Yasir Essar, Medical Research Center, Kateb University, 1001 Kabul, Afghanistan. E-mail: yasir.essar@gmail.com

Authors’ addresses: Behram Khan Ghazi, Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad, Pakistan, E-mail: docbehramkhan@gmail.com. Sudhan Rackimuthu, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India, E-mail: sudhan.racki@gmail.com. Um Ul Wara and Anmol Mohan, Karachi Medical & Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan, E-mails: umulwara28@gmail.coma and anmolmohanvan@gmail.com. Uzzam Ahmed Khawaja, Jinnah Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan, E-mail: uzzamahmedkhawaja@gmail.com. Shkaib Ahmad, Dera Ghazi Khan Medical College, Punjab, Pakistan, E-mail: shkaibahmad2@gmail.com. Shahzaib Ahmad, Fatima Memorial Hospital College of Medicine & Dentistry, Lahore, Pakistan, E-mail: shahzaib.ahmed8177@gmail.com. Mohammad Mehedi Hasan, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Life Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh, E-mail: mehedi.bmb.mbstu@gmail.com. Ana Carla dos Santos Costa, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazi, E-mail: anacsc@ufba.br. Shoaib Ahmad, Department of Medicine and General Surgery, Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad, Pakistan, E-mail: shoaibahmad442@gmail.com. Mohammad Yasir Essar, Medical Research Center, Kateb University, Kabul, Afghanistan, E-mail: yasir.essar@gmail.com.

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