COVID-19 Preventive Practices among Bus Station Workers in Ethiopia

View More View Less
  • 1 Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Department of Pharmacology, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia;
  • | 2 Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Department of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia;
  • | 3 Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Department of Biochemistry, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia;
  • | 4 Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

As of May 19, 2021, Ethiopia was among the five African countries most affected by COVID-19. A cross-sectional design was used to assess the level of knowledge, perceptions, and practices of bus station workers about COVID-19 between August 25 and September 17, 2020. Face-to-face interviewer-administered questionnaires were used. To identify the factors associated with the dependent variables, simple and multiple binary logistic regression analyses were used. A P value < 0.05 was considered significant. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20 software. In this study, 427 workers from three bus stations participated. Approximately 84.5%, 84.8%, and 81.3% of the workers had good knowledge, positive perceptions, and good practices, respectively. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that workers with a monthly income of 3,001 to 4,000 birr were about four times more likely to have poor knowledge compared with higher income workers. Those workers with poor knowledge were 2.4 times, and security workers were 3.7 times, more likely to have poor practices compared with workers with good knowledge and drivers, respectively. In conclusion, workers used in security and those who had poor knowledge regarding COVID-19 failed to exhibit effective preventative practices against the virus.

Author Notes

Address correspondence to Mebrahtu Eyasu, Department of Pharmacology, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. E-mail: wedidellameb@gmail.com

Financial support: This work was supported by a grant from the Federal Ministry of Health, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Authors’ addresses: Mebrahtu Eyasu, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Department of Pharmacology, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, E-mail: wedlicidellameb@gmail.com. Yoseph Worku, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Department of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, E-mail: worku_yoseph@yahoo.com. Berhan Ababaw, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Department of Biochemistry, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, E-mail: berhan766@gmail.com. Yifru Berhan, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, E-mail: yifruberhanm@gmail.com.

Save