icddr,b acknowledges with gratitude the commitment of WaterAid Bangladesh to its research efforts. icddr,b is thankful to the Governments of Bangladesh, Canada, Sweden, and the United Kingdom for providing core/unrestricted support.
Jones KE, Patel NG, Levy MA, Storeygard A, Balk D, Gittleman JL, Daszak P, 2008. Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature 451: 990–993.
Allegranzi B, Bagheri Nejad S, Combescure C, Graafmans W, Attar H, Donaldson L, Pittet D, 2011. Burden of endemic health-care-associated infection in developing countries: systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet 377: 228–241.
NIPORT, 2016. Bangladesh Health Facility Survey 2014. Dhaka, Bangladesh: National Institute of Population Research and Training (NIPORT), Associates for Community and Population Research (ACPR), and ICF International. Available at: https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/SPA23/SPA23.pdf. Accessed July 4, 2018.
Bhuiyan MU 2014. Incidence of and risk factors for hospital-acquired diarrhea in three tertiary care public hospitals in Bangladesh. Am J Trop Med Hyg 91: 165–172.
Islam MS, Luby SP, Sultana R, Rimi NA, Zaman RU, Uddin M, Nahar N, Rahman M, Hossain MJ, Gurley ES, 2014. Family caregivers in public tertiary care hospitals in Bangladesh: risks and opportunities for infection control. Am J Infect Control 42: 305–310.
Rimi NA, Sultana R, Luby SP, Islam MS, Uddin M, Hossain MJ, Zaman RU, Nahar N, Gurley ES, 2014. Infrastructure and contamination of the physical environment in three Bangladeshi hospitals: putting infection control into context. PLoS One 9: e89085.
WHO, 2016. Monitoring WASH in Health Care Facilities. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
Horng LM, Unicomb L, Alam MU, Halder AK, Shoab AK, Ghosh PK, Opel A, Islam MK, Luby SP, 2016. Healthcare worker and family caregiver hand hygiene in Bangladeshi healthcare facilities: results from the Bangladesh National Hygiene Baseline Survey. J Hosp Infect 94: 286–294.
Alam MU, Luby SP, Halder AK, Islam K, Opel A, Shoab AK, Ghosh PK, Rahman M, Mahon T, Unicomb L, 2017. Menstrual hygiene management among Bangladeshi adolescent schoolgirls and risk factors affecting school absence: results from a cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open 7: e015508.
WHO/UNICEF, 2015. WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
National Institute of Population Research and Training (NIPORT), Associates for Community and Population Research (ACPR), and ICF International, 2016. Bangladesh Health Facility Survey 2014. Dhaka, Bangladesh: NIPORT, ACPR, and ICF International.
WHO/UNICEF, 2017. WASH in the 2030 Agenda: New Global Indicators for Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
Islam MA, Islam M, Hasan R, Hossain MI, Nabi A, Rahman M, Goessens WHF, Endtz HP, Boehm AB, Faruque SM, 2017. Environmental spread of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1-producing multidrug-resistant bacteria in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Appl Environ Microbiol 83: pii: e00793–17.
Bhalla A, Suri V, Kaur P, Kaur S, 2014. Involvement of the family members in caring of patients an acute care setting. J Postgrad Med 60: 382–385.
Hoffman M, Mofolo I, Salima C, Hoffman I, Zadrozny S, Martinson F, Van Der Horst C, 2012. Utilization of family members to provide hospital care in Malawi: the role of Hospital Guardians. Malawi Med J 24: 74–78.
WHO/UNICEF, 2015. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Health Care Facilities: Status in Low and Middle Income Countries and Way Forward. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
Hassan MM, Ahmed SA, Rahman KA, Biswas TK, 2008. Pattern of medical waste management: existing scenario in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. BMC Public Health 8: 36.
Sarker MA, Harun-Or-Rashid M, Hirosawa T, Abdul Hai MS, Siddique MR, Sakamoto J, Hamajima N, 2014. Evaluation of knowledge, practices, and possible barriers among healthcare providers regarding medical waste management in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Med Sci Monit 20: 2590–2597.
WHO, 2008. Essential Environmental Health Standards in Health Care. Adams J, Bartram J, Chartier Y, eds. Geneva: Switzerland: World Health Organization.
Basu S, Andrews J, Kishore S, Panjabi R, Stuckler D, 2012. Comparative performance of private and public healthcare systems in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. PLoS Med 9: e1001244.
Seman Y, 2016. Clean and Safe Health Facility Initiative (CASH) in Ethiopia. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.