We thank Roger Nasci for comments on the manuscript.
Wang JL, Zhang HL, Sun XH, Fu SH, Feng Y, 2008. First isolation and identification of Sindbis virus from mosquito pools in Yunnan [in Chinese]. Zhongguo Ren Chu Gong Huan Bing Xue Bao 24: 1–6.
Zhang HL, Shi HF, Mi ZQ, 2000. Investigation of arboviruses in Jinghong City, Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Zhongguo Di Fang Bing Tong Bao 15: 40–44.
Li ZX, Zhang HL, Gong ZD, 1998. The characteristic of mosquitoes distribution and relation with the arboviruses in Jing Hong City in Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Zhongguo Mei Jie Sheng Wu Xue Kong Zhi Za Zhi 9: 255–257.
Zhang HL, Mi ZQ, Shi HF, 1999. Investigation of mosquitoes and arboviruses in Mengla County, Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Yi Xue Dong Wu Fang Zhi 15: 337–339.
Tao SJ, Zhang HL, Yang DR, 2003. Investigation of arboviruses in Lancang River down-stream area in Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi 17: 322–326.
Zhang HL, Tao SJ, Zhang YZ, 2006. Study on arboviruses in Lancang River downstream area in Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi 20: 95–98.
Sun XH, Fu SH, Gong ZD, Ge JQ, Meng WS, Feng Y, Wang J, Zhai Y, Wang H, Nasci R, Wang H, Tang Q, Liang G, 2009. Distribution of arboviruses and mosquitoes in northwestern Yunnan Province, China. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 9: 623–630.
Zhang HL, Zi DY, Gong ZD, 1999. The epidemiological survey of dengue fever in Yunnan Province, China [in Chinese]. Di Fang Bing Tong Bao 14: 50–54.
Wang JL, Zhang HL, Sun XH, Fu SH, Zhai YG, 2008. Identification and sequence analysis of NS1 and NS2a of two strains of dengue type-4 virus from mosquitoes in Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Zhongguo Ren Shou Gong Huan Bing Xue Bao 24: 636–640.
Zhang YZ, Zhang HL, Mi ZQ, 1998. Investigation of mosquitoes and arboviruses in Hekou City Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Yi Xue Dong Wu Fang Zhi 14: 37–38.
Huang WL, Zhang HL, Hou ZL, 2001. Investigation on arboviruses antibodies of patients with fever in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Di Fang Bing Tong Bao 16: 29–30.
Zhang HL, Zhang YZ, Yang WH, Min ZQ, 2004. Investigation on the antibodies against arboviruses in sera of human being and animal in the lower reaches area of Lancang river in Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Yi Xue Dong Wu Fang Zhi 20: 207–211.
Baolin L, Houyong W, 2003. Classification and identification of important medical insects of China. Henan Science and Technology Publishing House. 10: 1–67.
Bryant JE, Crabtree MB, Nam VS, Yen NT, Duc HM, Miller BR, 2005. Isolation of arboviruses from mosquitoes collected in northern Vietnam. Am J Trop Med Hyg 73: 470–473.
Zhai YG, Lv XJ, Sun XH, Fu SH, Gong ZD, Fen Y, Tong SX, Wang ZX, Tang Q, Attoui H, Liang GD, 2008. Isolation and characterization of the full coding sequence of a novel densovirus from the mosquito Culex pipiens pallens. J Gen Virol 89: 195–199.
Li WJ, Wang JL, Li MH, Fu SH, Wang HY, Wang ZY, Jiang SY, Wang XW, Guo P, Zhao SC, Shi Y, Lu NN, Nasci RS, Tang Q, Liang GD, 2010. Mosquitoes and mosquito-borne arboviruses in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau focused on the Qinghai area, China. Am J Trop Med Hyg 82: 705–711.
Liang GD, He Y, Chen BQ, Zhao ZJ, Huang YJ, 1993. Preparation of arbovirus group-specific PcAb and their use to identify newly isolated viruses [in Chinese]. Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi 7: 374–376.
Ronald WJ, Jerri R, Yasutaka H, 2003. Identification of parental origin of cognate dsRNA genome segment(s) of rotavirus reassortants by constant denaturant gel electrophoresis. J Clin Virol 26: 347–354.
Pfeffer M, Probster B, Kinney RM, 1997. Genus-specific detection of alphavirus by a semi-nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Am J Trop Med Hyg 57: 709–718.
Kumar S, Tamura K, Nei M, 1994. MEGA: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis software for microcomputers. Comput Appl Biosci 10: 189–191.
Attoui H, Mohd Jaafar F, Belhouchet M, Aldrovandi N, Tao S, Chen B, Liang G, Tesh RB, de Micco O, de Lamballerie X, 2005. Yunnan Orbivirus, a new Orbivirus species isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus mosquitoes in China. J Gen Virol 86: 3409–3417.
Tytti M, Satu K, Antti V, Olli V, 2008. Diagnostics of Pogosta disease: antigenic properties and evaluation of Sindbis virus IgM and IgG enzyme immunoassays. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 8: 303–313.
Zheng FY, Lin GZ, Qiu CQ, Zhou JZ, Cao XA, Gong XW, 2009. Development and application of G1-ELISA for detection of antibodies against bovine ephemeral fever virus. Res Vet Sci 87: 211–212.
Wang HY, Takasaki T, Fu SH, Sun XH, Zhang HL, Wang ZX, Hao ZY, Zhang JK, Tang Q, Kotaki A, Tajima S, Liang XF, Yang WZ, Kurane I, Liang GD, 2007. Molecular epidemiological analysis of Japanese encephalitis virus in China. J Gen Virol 88: 885–894.
Leanne MS, Michael DL, Michael P, Robert JC, 1999. Geographic distribution and evolution of Sindbis virus in Australia. J Gen Virol 80: 739–748.
Zhou GL, Liang GD, Li L, 1999. Complete nucleotide sequence of the nonstructural gene of Alphavirus YN87448 strain isolated in China and its relationship to other Sindbis viruses [in Chinese]. Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi 13: 314–320.
Zhou GL, Liang GD, Li L, Fu SH, Li FS, 1999. The complete nucleotide sequence of the structural region gene of the alphavirus YN87448 strain isolated in China and its relationship to other Sindbis virus [in Chinese]. Zhongguo Bing Du Xue 15: 205–211.
Liang GD, Li L, Zhou GL, Fu SH, Li QP, Li FS, He HH, Jin Q, He Y, Chen BQ, Hou YD, 2000. Isolation and complete nucleotide sequence of a Chinese Sindbis-like virus. J Gen Virol 81: 1347–1351.
Dong XS, Zhou HN, Gong ZD, Dong LM, Wang XS, 2005. Studies on the regional areas of mosquitoes in Yunnan [in Chinese]. Zhongguo Mei Jie Sheng Wu Xue Ji Kong Zhi Za Zhi 16: 34–36.
Li XL, Gao BH, Li CZ, 2006. Analysis of baseline survey of malaria prevalent status in Menghai county,Yunnan Province. Yi Xue Dong Wu Fang Zhi 22: 567–570.
Zhang HL, Zi DY, Shi HF, 1999. Investigation on mosquitoes and mosquito-borne-virus in Menghai County of Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Yi Xue Dong Wu Fang Zhi 15: 285–288.
Zhang HL, Zi DY, Gong ZD, 2000 Host and vector of Japanese encephalitis virus in Yunnan Province, China [in Chinese]. Zhongguoi Yi Fang Shou Yi Xue Bao 22:81–83.
Mi ZQ, Zhang HL, Zhang YZ, Zhang YZ, 2005. Epidemiologic survey and serological investigation of Japanese encephalitis virus in Xishuangbanna and Simao region of Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Zhongguo Mei Jie Sheng Wu Xue Ji Kong Zhi Za Zhi 16: 470–471.
Wang XJ, Zhang YP, Zhang RZ, 2004. Analysis on epidemic trend of Japanese B encephalitis during 1998–2002 [in Chinese]. Zhongguo Yimiao He Mianyi 10: 215–217.
Wang PY, Zhou HN, Zhang ZX, Wu C, Gu YA, 2008. Investigation on the current situation of Japanese encephalitis transmission and control in Yunnan, China [in Chinese]. Zhongguo Bingyuan Shengwu Xue Zaizhi 3: 19–22.
Brummer-Korvenkontio M, Vapalahti O, Kuusisto P, Saikku P, Manni T, Koskela P, Nygren T, Brummer-Korvenkontio H, Vaheri A, 2002. Epidemiology of Sindbis virus infections in Finland 1981–96: possible factors explaining a peculiar disease pattern. Epidemiol Infect 129: 335–345.
Satu K, Tytti M, Antti V, Olli V, 2004. Causative agent of Pogosta disease isolated from blood and skin lesions. Emerg Infect Dis 10: 889–894.
Lvov DK, Vladimirtseva EA, Butenko AM, Karabatsos N, Trent DW, Calisher CH, 1998. Identity of Karelian fever and Ockelbo viruses determined by serum dilution-plaque reduction neutralization tests and oligonucleotide mapping. Am J Trop Med Hyg 39: 607–610.
Malherbe H, Strickland-Cholmley M, Jackson AL, 1963. Sindbis virus infection in man. Report of a case with recovery of virus from skin lesions. S Afr Med J 37: 547–552.
Wang JL, Huang WL, Zhang HL, 2000. Seroepidemiological investigation on Sindbis virus in Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Di Fang Bing Tong Bao 15: 39–42.
Cowled C, Melville L, Weir R, Walsh S, Hyatt A, Van Driel R, Davis S, Gubala A, Boyle D, 2007. Genetic and epidemiological characterization of Middle Point orbivirus, a novel virus isolated from sentinel cattle in northern Australia. J Gen Virol 88: 3413–3422.
Attoui H, Mohd Jaafar F, de Micco P, de Lamballerie X, 2005. Coltiviruses and seadornaviruses in North America, Europe, and Asia. Emerg Infect Dis 11: 1673–1679.
Xu PT, Wang YM, Zuo JM, 1990. New orbivirus isolated from patients with encephalitis or with unknow fever in Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Bing Du Xue Bao 6: 27–33.
Xu PT, Wang YM, Zhao ZJ, 1988. Isolation and identification of two orbivirus from Yunnan Province [in Chinese]. Bing Du Xue Bao 4: 218–222.
Tao SJ, Wang HQ, Cao YX, Yang DR, Liu QZ, 2002. Prearation and storage of coltivirus antigen and its application in detection of coltivirus antibodies in serum from patients [in Chinese]. Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi 16: 232–235.
O'Neill SL, Kittayapong P, Braig HR, Andreadis TG, Gonzalez JP, Tesh RB, 1995. Insect densoviruses may be widespread in mosquito cell lines. J Gen Virol 76: 2067–2074.