Address correspondence to Antonieta Medina Lara, University of Liverpool Management School, Chatham Street, Liverpool, L69 7ZH, UK. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Authors’ addresses: Ruben E. Mujica Mota and Antonieta Medina Lara, University of Liverpool Management School, Chatham Street, Liverpool, L69 7ZH, UK. Esthery D. Kunkwenzu, University of Malawi, Chancellor College, Box 280, Zomba, Malawi. David G. Lalloo, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK.
Financial support: This study was funded by the Department for International Development, UK.
Amin AA, Marsh V, Noor AM, Ochola SA, Snow RW, 2003. The use of formal and informal curative services in the management of paediatric fevers in four districts in Kenya. Trop Med Int Health 8 :1143–1152.
Njama D, Dorsey G, Guwatudde D, Kigonya K, Greenhouse B, Musisi S, Kamya MR, 2003. Urban malaria: primary caregivers’ knowledge, attitudes, practices and predictors of malaria incidence in a cohort of Ugandan children. Trop Med Int Health 8 :685–692.
Ndyomugyenyi R, Magnussen P, Clarke S, 2007. Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and drug prescription practices in an area of low transmission in Uganda: implications for prevention and control. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101 :209–215.
Hastings IM, 2001. Modeling parasite drug resistance: lessons for management and control strategies. Trop Med Int Health 6 :883–890.
Ryan GW, 1998. What do sequential behavioral patterns suggest about the medical decision-making process? Modelling home case management of acute illnesses in a rural Cameroonian village. Soc Sci Med 46 :209–225.
Schultz LJ, Ettling M, Chitsulo L, Steketee RW, Nyasulu Y, Macheso A, Nwanyanwu OC, 1994. A nation-wide malaria knowledge, attitudes and practices survey in Malawi: objectives and methodology. Trop Med Parasitol 45 :54–56.
Milligan P, Njie A, Bennett S, 2004. Comparison of two cluster sampling methods for health surveys in developing countries. Int J Epidemiol 33 :469–476.
International Monetary Fund, 2004. International Financial Statistics, Washington, DC.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. Consumer Price Index. All urban consumers – (CPI-U, 2008). USA city average all items. Washington, DC: Department of Labor. Available at: http://data.blsgov/cgi-bin/surveymost. Accessed July 3, 2008.
National Economic Council, 2000. Profile of poverty in Malawi. Poverty Analysis of the Malawi Integrated Household Survey, 1997–98. Lilonge, Malawi: National Economic Council Poverty Monitoring System.
Nacional Statistical Office of Malawi, Consumer Price Indices, 2006. Available at: http://www.nso.malawi.net/data_on_line/economics/prices. Accessed July 3, 2008.
Malawi Government, 2006. IMCI Approach Policy for Accelerated Child Survival and Development in Malawi: Scaling Up High Impact Interventions in the Context of Essential Health Package, 2006–2011. Lilongwe, Malawi: Malawi Ministry of Health, Malawi National IMCI Unit, Community Health Sciences Unit.
WHO, 2008. World Malaria Report 2008. Geneva: World Health Organization. 190 pp.
Malawi Ministry of Health and Population, 2003. Malawi Health Facility Survey Report. Lilongwe, Malawi: Planning Unit.
Slutsker L, Chistulo L, Macheso A, Steketee RW, 1994. Treatment of malaria fever episodes among children in Malawi: results of a KAP survey. Trop Med Parasitol 45 :61–64.
Geissler PW, Nokes K, Prince RJ, Odhiambo RA, Aagaard-Hansen J, Ouma JH, 2000. Children and medicines: self- treatment of common illnesses among Luo schoolchildren in western Kenya. Soc Sci Med 50 :1771–1783.
Guyatt HL, Snow RW, 2004.The management of fevers in Kenyan children and adults in an area of seasonal malaria transmission. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 98 :111–115.
Institute of Medicine, 2004. Saving Lives, Buying Time: Economics of Malaria Drugs in an Age of Resistance. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Marsh VM, Mutemi WM, Muturi J, Haaland A, Watkins WM, Otieno G, Marsh K, 1999. Changing home treatment of childhood fevers by training shop keepers in rural Kenya. Trop Med Int Health 4 :383–389.
Guiguemde TR, Dao F, Curtis V, Traore A, Sondo B, Testa J, Ouedraogo JB, 1994. Household expenditure on malaria prevention and treatment for families in the town Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 88 :285–287.
Asenso-Okyere WK, Dzator JA, 1997. Household cost of seeking malaria care. A retrospective study of two districts in Ghana. Soc Sci Med 45 :659–667.
Attanayake N, Fox-Rushby J, Mills A, 2000. Household costs of ‘malaria’ morbidity: a study in Matale district, Sri Lanka. Trop Med Int Health 5 :595–606.
Onwujekwe O, Chima R, Okonkwo P, 2000. Economic burden of malaria illness on households versus that of all other illness episodes: a study in five malaria holo-endemic Nigerian communities. Health Policy 54 :143–159.
Chima RI, Goodman CA, Mills A, 2003. The economic impact of malaria in Africa: a critical review of the evidence. Health Policy 63 :17–36.
Train K, 2003. Discrete Choice Methods with Simulation. New York: Cambridge University Press.