Epidemiology 1, 2, 3: origins, objectives, organization, and implementation.

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  • 1 Schistosomiasis Research Project, Endemic Disease Control, Ministry of Health, Cairo, Egypt.

This supplement is a report on the Epidemiology 1, 2, 3 (EPI 1, 2, 3) investigation, its origins, evolution, and findings that were carried out over a period beginning in 1990 and ending in 1994 in Egypt. The large scope and size of the study, the largest to date on schistosomiasis in Egypt, was a rationale for publishing a supplement to document EPI 1, 2, 3 methods and results collectively in sufficient detail to serve as a reference for planning, designing, and analyzing future epidemiologic studies and evaluation of schistosomiasis control in Egypt. The 3 objectives of EPI 1, 2, 3 were to 1) determine the changing patterns of Schistosoma haematobium and S. mansoni, 2) investigate factors contributing to differences between villages in the Nile Delta, Middle Egypt, and Upper Egypt, and 3) investigate risk factors for morbidity. The objectives were addressed using standardized techniques, stool and urine examinations, clinical examinations (including abdominal ultrasound), and questionnaires on a selected sample of the populations of selected villages in 9 governorates in Egypt.