A second case of visceral leishmaniasis in a dog imported into the United States from Greece is presented. Diagnosis was substantiated by demonstrating the presence of the organism in cultures of tissue removed from this animal and by histologic examination. The leptomonad forms were cultured from sternal bone marrow on NNN medium. The introduction of active visceral leishmaniasis into the United States in an animal host poses a problem which should properly concern public health and animal disease control officials.
This case has been contributed to the Registry of Veterinary Pathology and has received AFIP Accession No. 750721.