The number and distribution of autoradiographic foci observed in this and previous studies following percutaneous infection with 75Se-labeled Schistosoma mansoni cercariae indicate that the lungs are the principal site of worm elimination in both normal mice and mice immunized with irradiated cercariae. It was observed in the present study, however, that the intensities of the autoradiographic foci produced in the lungs during both the normal (early) and immune (late) phases of elimination were identical to those of foci produced in the livers of the same mice by larvae shown to be alive. In contrast, foci produced in the lungs by heat-killed, intravenously injected, lung schistosomula became smaller and fainter with time, disappearing completely between seven and 10 days after injection in normal mice and between four and six days in immunized mice. These results indicate that although the targets of both normal and immune elimination do not proceed beyond the lung stage of migration, they do not die in the lungs. A possible explanation for this paradoxical situation, for which there is some experimental evidence, is that unsuccessful migrators leave the blood stream, enter alveoli, pass up the trachea, and are eventually digested in the gastrointestinal tract or eliminated from the body intact.