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Repeated Immunogenic Amino Acid Sequences of Plasmodium Species Share Sequence Homologies with Proteins from Humans and Human Viruses

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  • 1 Malaria Branch, Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia
  • 2 *Biology Department, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas

The use of recombinant peptides based upon the repeated amino acid sequences of Plasmodium has been proposed for malaria vaccines. By reducing homologies of such peptide vaccines to host proteins, the possibility of autoimmune complications may be reduced, and the effective immune response may be enhanced. The Wilbur and Lipman Wordsearch algorithm was used to identify homologous amino acid sequences between tandemly repeated Plasmodium amino acid sequences and the human and human viral sequences compiled in the National Biomedical Research Foundation database. Six published repetitive immunogenic amino acid sequences from the circumsporozoite (CS) antigen, ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen (RESA), soluble (S) antigen, and falciparum interspersed repetitive antigen (FIRA) of P. falciparum, and the CS protein of P. vivax, were analyzed by computer. Matches of at least 4 amino acids were found for all sequences. In the database, 29 matches were found for human proteins and 26 matches were found for human viruses with the 6 antigen sequences. Most of the matched proteins, and many of the matched human viruses, are found in blood. The biological significance of these matches remains to be clarified.

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