Autochthonous Cutaneous-Subcutaneous Leishmaniasis on Taiwan

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  • U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, St. Agnes Hospital, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, Taiwan Provincial Institute of Infectious Diseases, Manila, Philippines

Leishmaniasis was not considered to be endemic on Taiwan, but during and after World War II a number of cases of kala-azar and post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis have been seen. The majority of the cases occurred in soldiers (Japanese and Chinese) who acquired infections on the China mainland. This paper presents the first reports of autochthonous cutaneous-subcutaneous leishmaniasis in 2 native-born aborigine Taiwanese.