A total of 50 cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) were diagnosed among 1,184 patients examined in different parts of Ethiopia. The overall male : female sex ratio was 4:1. About 56% of the cases occurred in the 15- to 29-year age group. The incidence of VL in Aba Roba Village was 5.2 per 1,000 population. New foci of transmission identified include lowlands of Algena, Nakfa, Afabet, Teseney, and Genale River Basin, and west of Moyale.