In 1971, an unusual strain of Venezuelan encephalitis (VE) virus (71D1252) was recovered from the same small area of a rain forest in the western Amazon basin of South America near Iquitos, Loreto, Peru, from which strains of subtype I-D were recovered. The marker characteristics of this strain resembled most closely those of VE subtype III (Mucambo) and were distinctly different from coexisting I-D strains. Thus the concurrent presence of two different VE virus subtypes in one place was a striking exception to the usual geographic allopatry of VE virus subtypes. Strain 71D1252 also contained temperature sensitive (ts) (37°C versus 39°C) virions in the original mosquito suspension and first suckling mouse passage brain tissue suspensions. It thus represents one of the few so-far-reported ts strains of viruses found in nature, and the only natural ts strain of VE virus.