Identification of New Guama and Group C Serogroup Bunyaviruses and an Ungrouped Virus from Southern Brazil

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  • Division of Vector-Borne Viral Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Fort Collins, Instituto Adolfo Lutz, Colorado 80522, Brazil

From 1975 to 1978, 36 viruses were recovered from humans, bats, birds, sentinel mice and hamsters, and from mosquitoes collected in Coastal Brazil in the state of São Paulo. Identifications of 22 of these 36 viruses have been reported. Six of the remaining 14 isolates were shown to be Guama serogroup bunyaviruses. Two of these six were strains of a newly recognized virus for which the name Cananeia virus is proposed; another is a second newly recognized Guama serogroup virus for which the name Itimirim virus is proposed; a fourth is a strain of Bertioga virus and the other two are strains of Guaratuba virus. Before these studies Guaratuba virus was considered an ungrouped bunyavirus, but cross testing by complement-fixation demonstrated that this virus, and Mirim virus as well, should be considered members of the Guama serogroup. Another six viruses were shown to be strains of a single, newly recognized Group C bunyavirus for which the name Bruconha virus is proposed. Two strains of a single virus were shown by electron microscopy to belong to the family Bunyaviridae, but serologic relationships with other members of this family of viruses were not found; the name Enseada virus is proposed for this newly recognized agent.

Author Notes

Present address: Instituto Nacional de Estudios sobre Virosis Hemorrhagicas, Casilla de Correo 195, 2700 Pergamino, Argentina.

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