Department of Endemic Medicine, Cairo University, Division of Parasitic Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cairo, Egypt
Two hundred and fifty-seven Egyptian patients were classified into three groups: patients with schistosomal colonic polyposis, those with simple schistosomiasis without polyposis, and a non-schistosomal group. A diagnosis of schistosomiasis was made by clinical history and examination plus three fresh stool examinations or a rectal biopsy. The presence of schistosomal colonic polyps was established by sigmoidoscopy and biopsy of polyps. Stool examinations were made on all individuals, using the merthiolate-iodine-formaldehyde technique to detect Entamoeba histolytica. We found the prevalence of amebiasis in the group with schistosomal colonic polyposis (37%) to be significantly higher than that in the non-schistosomal group (11%) and in the schistosomal group without polyposis (15%). The difference in prevalence of amebiasis between the simple schistosomal and non-schistosomal groups was not significant.