Rotavirus Infection in Nigerian Infants and Young Children with Gastroenteritis

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  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ife, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

In a study conducted over a 5-month period (September 1979 to January 1980), rotaviruses were detected by counterimmunoelectrophoresis in the feces of 16 (13.8%) of 116 infants and young children between 1 and 48 months old with acute, sporadic gastroenteritis, at Ife, Nigeria. The highest frequency of rotavirus infection was found in the 7- to 12-month age-group (18.9%). Males constituted 61% of the sample and excreted rotavirus at a significantly higher rate than did females (P < 0.01). Rotavirus infection was higher in the drier months of November–January (19.3%) than during the rainy months of September and October (8.5%).