Tissue Reacting Antibodies in a Rhesus Monkey with Long-Term Trypanosoma Cruzi Infection

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  • Institute of Microbiology and Institute of Biophysics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Immunoglobulins (Igs) reacting against endothelial and vascular structures and striated muscle cells as well as against cells from a peripheral nerve were detected by indirect immunofluorescent test (IIF) in a rhesus monkey infected for 29 yr with Trypanosoma cruzi. Anti-T. cruzi antibodies in this monkey showed a titer of 1:128 in the IIF test and the direct agglutination test. Tissue-reacting Igs were bound in vivo to the tissues, as was established by direct treatment of a biopsy of the deltoid muscle with Ig-labeled antisera. Electron microscopy of this tissue showed that Igs reacted with the plasma membrane of the muscle cells. Neither tissue-reacting Igs nor specific antibodies were detected in three uninfected adult monkeys.

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