Clinical, hematological, and renal biopsy findings in 19 unselected patients with renal failure following snake bite, including eight bitten by Russell's viper, are presented. Hematological findings were variable and did not influence treatment. Renal histology was a good guide to prognosis; patients with normal histology recovered with conservative management, those with tubular necrosis responded well to dialysis, while those with cortical necrosis responded only partially. Peritoneal dialysis was found to be an adequate form of treatment in the majority of patients.
Reader in Nephrology.
Reader in Pathology. To whom reprint requests should be addressed.