A total of 191 sera collected in Somalia was tested for antibody to Schistosoma haematobium by three serologic tests, to Echinococcus granulosus and filarial antibodies by bentonite flocculation tests, and to Toxoplasma gondii and Entamoeba histolytica by hemagglutination tests.
The prevalence rate of Schistosoma antibodies as determined by the BF, C-L, and FA tests was 59.7%. Serologic tests indicated that hydatid infection does not, at present, appear to be a human problem but a veterinary one. Filarial antibodies were more prevalent in the nomadic group, Toxoplasma antibodies were found in 10% of the people tested, and ameba antibodies in 22%.
The seroepidemiologic studies have added further information on the parasitic status of one small area of Somalia.