Introduced Malaria at Fort Benning, Georgia, 1964–1965

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  • Communicable Disease Center, Public Health Service, U. S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, U. S. Army Hospital, Preventive Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia

Summary

Two cases of introduced vivax malaria occurred in 1964 and 1965 at Fort Benning, Georgia, in military dependents. The probable index case was in a serviceman who had been stationed in Korea. Evidence suggests that both cases resulted from local transmission by A. quadrimaculatus.

There have been five documented introductions of malaria into the continental United States since 1952; P. vivax was the etiologic agent in all five instances. Servicemen who had been stationed in South Korea were thought to have had the probable index cases in three of the five introductions.

Author Notes

Formerly, Medical Epidemiologist, Epidemiology Branch, Communicable Disease Center, Atlanta, Georgia. Present address: Department of Medicine, Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, Texas.

Medical Epidemiologist, Epidemiology Branch, Communicable Disease Center, Atlanta, Georgia.

Chief, Preventive Medicine, U. S. Army Hospital, Fort Benning, Georgia. Present address: Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas.

Formerly, Chief, Parasitic Disease Unit, Epidemiology Branch, Communicable Disease Center, Atlanta, Georgia.

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