The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene has waived the Open Access fee for this article due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
Azar KMJ, Shen Z, Romanelli RJ, Locjhart SH, Smits K, Robinson S, Brown S, Pressman AR, 2020. Disparities in outcomes among COVID-19 patients in a large health care system in California. Health Aff 39: 1253–1262.
Goyal MK, Simpson JN, Boyle MD, Badolato GM, Delaney M, McCarter R, Cora-Bramble D, 2020. Racial and/or ethnic and socioeconomic disparities of SARS-CoV-2 infection among children. Pediatrics 146: e2020009951.
Kim L et al., 2020. Hospitalization rates and characteristics of children aged < 18 years hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19-COVID-NET, 14 states, March 1–July 25, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 69: 1081–1088.
Bixler D, Miller A, Mattison C, Taylor B, Komatsu K, Peterson Pompa X, Moon S, Karmarkar E, Liu C, Openshaw J, 2020. SARS-CoV-2–associated deaths among persons aged < 21 years—United States, February 12–July 31, 2020. MMWR Morbidity Mortality Weekly Rep.
Bailey LC et al., 2021. Assessment of 135,794 pediatric patients tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 across the United States. JAMA Pediatr 175: 176–184.
Ross J, Diaz CM, Starrels JL, 2020. The disproportionate burden of COVID-19 for immigrants in the Bronx, New York. JAMA Intern Med 180: 1043–1044.
R Core Team , 2019. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
Kim HN, Lan KF, Nkyekyer E, Neme S, Pierre-Louis M, Chew L, Duber HC, 2020. Assessment of disparities in COVID-19 testing and infection across language groups in Seattle, Washington. JAMA Netw Open 3: e2021213.
Rozenfeld Y, Beam J, Maier H, Haggerson W, Boudreau K, Carlson J, Medows R, 2020. A model of disparities: risk factors associated with COVID-19 infection. Intl J Equity Health 19: 1–10.
Figueroa JF, Wadhera RK, Lee D, Yeh RW, Sommers BD, 2020. Community-level factors associated with racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19 rates in Massachusetts. Health Aff (Millwood) 39: 1984–1992.
Garcia E, Eckel SP, Chen Z, Li K, Gilliland FD, 2021. COVID-19 mortality in California based on death certificates: disproportionate impacts across racial/ethnic groups and nativity. Ann Epidemiol 58: 69–75.
Clark E, Fredricks K, Woc-Colburn L, Bottazzi ME, Weatherhead J, 2020. Disproportionate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on immigrant communities in the United States. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 14: e0008484.
Rubio LA et al., 2021. The COVID-19 symptom to isolation cascade in a Latinx community: a call to action. Open Forum Infect Dis 8: 1–7.
Yun K, Montoya-Williams D, Wallis K, Hume M, Drummond S, La Rochelle C, Rosenquist R, 2021. Supporting Immigrant Communities and Those with Limited English Proficiency During the Pandemic: Stakeholder Perspectives from Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, PA: The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.
- Search Google Scholar
- Export Citation
Yun K Montoya-Williams D Wallis K Hume M Drummond S La Rochelle C Rosenquist R 2021. Supporting Immigrant Communities and Those with Limited English Proficiency During the Pandemic: Stakeholder Perspectives from Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, PA: The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.
Hayward SE et al., 2021. Clinical outcomes and risk factors for COVID-19 among migrant populations in high-income countries: a systematic review. J Migr Health 3: 1–19.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , 2021. How to Report COVID-19 Laboratory Data. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/lab/reporting-lab-data.html#what-to-report. Accessed June 21, 2021.
Crawshaw AF et al., 2021. What must be done to tackle vaccine hesitancy and barriers to COVID-19 vaccination in migrants? J Travel Med 28: 1--4.
Polubriaginof FCG, Ryan P, Salmasian H, Shapiro AW, Perotte A, Safford MM, Hripcsak G, Smith S, Tatonetti NP, Vawdrey DK, 2019. Challenges with quality of race and ethnicity data in observational databases. J Am Med Inform Assoc 26: 730–736.