• 1.

    Lerner PI, 1996. Nocardiosis. Clin Infect Dis 22: 891905.

  • 2.

    Pintado V, GÓmez-Mampaso E, Cobo J, Quereda C, Meswguer MA, FortÚn J, Navas E, Moreno S, 2004. Nocardial infection in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Clin Microbiol Infect 9: 716720.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Ambrosioni J, Lew D, Garbino J, 2010. Nocardiosis: updated clinical review and experience at a tertiarycenter. Infection 38: 8997.

  • 4.

    Grewal HS, Dangayach NS, Ahmad U, Ghosh S, Gildea T, Mehta AC, 2019. Treatment of tracheobronchial injuries. Chest 155: 595604.

  • 5.

    Lancella L, Nicolosi L, Bottero S, Carnevale E, Krzysztofiak A, Ticca F, 2003. Mediastinal tubercular lymphadenitis and adenobronchial fistulas (TABF) in the paediatric age. 1980–2001 case record. Infez Med 11: 7580.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Park SH, Jeon KN, Park MJ, Bae K, Cho SB, Kim HC, Lee SJ, Cha SI, 2015. Tuberculous bronchonodal fistula in adult patients: CT findings. Jpn J Radiol 33: 360365.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Bae K, Jeon KN, Kim HC, Suh YS, Lee GD, Kim JY, Song DH, 2017. Tuberculosis presenting as isolated bronchonodal fistula in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus: Case Rep Med (Baltimore) 96: e8764.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Liu J, Xie S, Yu L, Su X, 2019. Multidrug resistant lymph node fistula tracheobronchial tuberculosis: a case report. Medicine (Baltimore) 98: e18288.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Benito N, Moreno A, Miro JM, Torres A, 2012. Pulmonary infections in HIV-infected patients: an update in the 21st century. Eur Respir J 39: 730745.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Uttamchandani RB, Daikos GL, Reyes RR, Fischl MA, Dickinson GM, Yamaguchi E, Kramer MR, 1994. Nocardiosis in 30 patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection: clinical features and outcome. Cli Infect Dis 18: 348353.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Saubolle MA, Sussland D, 2003. Nocardiosis: review of clinical and laboratory experience. J Clin Microbiol 41: 44974501.

  • 12.

    Gombert ME, Berkowitz LB, Aulicino TM, duBouchet L, 1990. Therapy of pulmonary nocardiosis in immunocompromised mice. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 34: 17661768.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Sanchez-Munoz J, Yniguez TR, Garcia E, Pascua FJ, Crespo L, Bacaicoa A, Martín C, 1995. Nocardiosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection in Spain. Rev Clin Esp 195: 468472.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

 

 

 

 

Case Report: Spontaneous Carinal Perforation and Bronchonodal Fistula due to Pulmonary Nocardiosis in an HIV-Infected Patient

View More View Less
  • 1 Division of Pulmonology, Department of Medicine, Hat Yai Medical Education Center, Hat Yai Hospital, Songkhla, Thailand

ABSTRACT

In clinical practice, nocardial infection is a rare opportunistic infection coexisting with potentially life-threatening condition, particularly in patients with HIV infection. Although the incidence remains low, it is still associated with high morbidity and mortality. The lung is a typical site involved in this organism, and complicating conditions can be resulted from local disruption and or destruction of adjacent structures. To our knowledge, this is the first case of pulmonary nocardiosis in an HIV-infected patient who is complicated with spontaneous carinal perforation, leading to develop bronchonodal fistula.

Author Notes

Address correspondence to Narongwit Nakwan, Division of Pulmonology, Department of Medicine, Hat Yai Medical Education Center, Hat Yai Hospital, 182 Rattakarn Road, Songkhla 90110, Thailand. E-mail: naronak@hotmail.com

Author’s address: Narongwit Nakwan, Division of Pulmonology, Department of Medicine, Hat Yai Medical Education Center, Hat Yai Hospital, Songkhla, Thailand, E-mail: naronak@hotmail.com.

Save