We acknowledge critical review by Jay K. Varma, New York City Mayor’s Office, New York, NY, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA; Justin Maeda, the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Addis-Ababa, Ethiopia; as well as the continued support of the AFREhealth Executive Secretariat in Kumasi, Ghana (Ireneous N. Dasoberi, Clara Sam-Woode, and Georgina Yeboah). This article is generated from a COVID-19 Webinar hosted by AFREhealth and Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health (www.fic.nih.gov), and presented on October 5, 2020. AFREhealth is a pan-African multi-disciplinary and interprofessional health organization that seeks to work with Ministries of Health, training institutions, and other stakeholders to improve the quality of health care in Africa through research, education, and capacity building (www.afrehealth.org). The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene has waived the Open Access fee for this article due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
Nachega JB, Seydi M, Zumla A, 2020. The late arrival of COVID-19 in Africa–mitigating pan-continental spread. Clin Infect Dis 71: 875–878.
Mehtar S, Preiser W, Lakhe NA, Bousso A, TamFum JM, Kallay O, Seydi M, Zumla A, Nachega JB, 2020. Limiting the spread of COVID-19 in Africa: one size mitigation strategies do not fit all countries. Lancet Glob Health 8: e881–e883.
Massinga Loembé M, Tshangela A, Salyer SJ, Varma JK, Ouma AEO, Nkengasong JN, 2020. COVID-19 in Africa: the spread and response. Nat Med 26: 999–1003.
Africa Centre for Disease Control, 2020. COVID-19 Contact Tracing. Available at: https://africacdc.org/?s=tracing. Accessed January 6, 2021.
AFREhealth, 2020. COVID-19 Contact Tracing Best Practices in Africa. Audio-Video Recording Available at: https://www.afrehealth.org/mediapage/webinar/253-contact-tracing-in-the-covid-19-response-best-practices-in-africa. Accessed December 30, 2020.
Gidado M, Odume B, Ogbudebe C, Useni S, Tukur M, Chukwuogo O, Ajiboye P, Sadiq I, Yahaya K, Adebola L, 2020. Early experience in implementation of an integrated COVID-19 and TB community-based active case finding. Afr J Respir Med 15: 18–23.
Ministry of Health, Rwanda Biomedical Center, 2020. Update on COVID-19 Data. Available at: https://rbc.gov.rw/index.php?id=188. Accessed December 30, 2020.
Le Roux A, Naude A, 2020. Social Vulnerability – Locating South Africa’s Vulnerable People. Available at: http://stepsa.org/pdf/social_vulnerability.pdf. Accessed December 30, 2020.
The South African Government, Western Cape Province MEC Health, 2020. Available at: https://www.gov.za/portfolio/western-cape-mec-health?gclid=EAIaIQobChMIgs64kor27QIVCb_tCh20LQvBEAAYASAAEgKs4vD_BwE. Accessed December 30, 2020.
Roser M, Ritchie H, Ortiz-Ospina E, Hasell J, 2020. Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19). Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Available at: https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus. Accessed December 30, 2020.
The Government of Uganda, 2020. National Community Engagement Strategy for COVID-19 Response. Available at: https://www.redcrossug.org/images/forms/NATIONAL-COVID-19-COMMUNITY-ENGAGEMENT-STRATEGY-300920-V3.pdf. Accessed January 6, 2021.
Greiner AL, Angelo KM, McCollum AM, Mirkovic K, Arthur R, Angulo FJ, 2015. Addressing contact tracing challenges—critical to halting Ebola virus disease transmission. Int J Infect Dis 41: 53–55.
Nachega JB 2020. Responding to the challenge of the dual COVID-19 and Ebola epidemics in the Democratic Republic of Congo-priorities for achieving control. Am J Trop Med Hyg 103: 597–602.
Largent EA, 2016. EBOLA and FDA: reviewing the response to the 2014 outbreak, to find lessons for the future. J L Biosci 3: 489–537.
Nachega JB, Leisegang R, Kallay O, Mills EJ, Zumla A, Lester RT, 2020. Mobile health technology for enhancing the COVID-19 response in Africa: a potential game changer? Am J Trop Med Hyg 103: 3–5.
Ekong I, Chukwu E, Chukwu M, 2020. COVID-19 mobile positioning data contact tracing and patient privacy regulations: exploratory search of global response strategies and the use of digital tools in Nigeria. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 8: e19139.
Jayaram K, Leke A, Leiby K, Ooko-Ombaka A, 2020. Reopening and Reimagining Africa. McKinsey Report. Available at: https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/middle-east-and-africa/reopening-and-reimagining-africa. Accessed December 30, 2020.
The Centre for Respiratory Diseases and Meningitis, Outbreak Response Unit, Division of Public Health Surveillance and Response Services NI for CD (NICD) of the NHLS, National Department of Health SA, 2020. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Caused by a Novel Coronavirus Guideline for Case-Finding, Diagnosis, and Public Health Response in South Africa, Vol. 3. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.
Towns R, Corbie-Smith G, Richmond A, Gwynne M, 2020. Lynne FiscusRapid deployment of a community-centered mobile covid 19 testing unit to improve health equity. NEJM Catal Innov Care Deliv, doi: 10.1056/CAT.20.0522.
Jacobs J, Kühne V, Lunguya O, Affolabi D, Hardy L, Vandenberg O, 2020. Implementing COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) rapid diagnostic tests in sub-Saharan Africa: a review. Front Med (Lausanne) 7: 557797.
Adesegun OA 2020. The COVID-19 crisis in sub-Saharan Africa: knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the Nigerian public. Am J Trop Med Hyg 103: 1997–2004.
WHO, 2020. World Health Organization-AFRO Coronavirus Disease, (COVID-19) Dashboard. Available at: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard | WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. Accessed December 30, 2020.
Nordling L, 2020. The Pandemic Appears to Have Spared Africa So Far. Scientists Are Struggling to Explain Why. Science. Available at: https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/08/pandemic-appears-have-spared-africa-so-far-scientists-are-struggling-explain-why. Accessed December 30, 2020.
Hsiao M 2020. SARS-COV-2 Seroprevalence in the Cape Town Metropolitain Sub-districts after Peak of Infections, Vol. 18, 2–7. Also, available at: https://www.nicd.ac.za/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/COVID-19-Special-Public-Health-Surveillance-Bulletin_Issue-5.pdf. Accessed December 30, 2020.