The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene has waived the Open Access fee for this article due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and has assisted with publication expenses.
World Health Organization, 2020. WHO Director-General’s Opening Remarks at the Media Briefing on COVID. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. Available at: https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020. Accessed August 17, 2020.
Noor AU, Maqbool F, Bhatti ZA, Khan AU, 2020. Epidemiology of COVID-19 pandemic: recovery and mortality ratio around the globe. Pak J Med Sci 36: S79–S84.
Nicola M, Alsafi Z, Sohrabi C, Kerwan A, Al-Jabir A, Iosifidis C, Agha M, Agha R, 2020. The socio-economic implications of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19): a review. Int J Surg 78: 185–193.
Chen N 2020. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Lancet 395: 507–513.
Guan WJ China Medical Treatment Expert Group for COVID-19, 2020. Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med 382: 1708–1720.
Lei H, Li Y, Xiao S, Lin CH, Norris SL, Wei D, Hu Z, Ji S, 2018. Routes of transmission of influenza A H1N1, SARS CoV, and norovirus in air cabin: comparative analyses. Indoor Air 28: 394–403.
Otter JA, Donskey C, Yezli S, Douthwaite S, Goldenberg SD, Weber DJ, 2016. Transmission of SARS and MERS coronaviruses and influenza virus in healthcare settings: the possible role of dry surface contamination. J Hosp Infect 92: 235–250.
World Health Organization, 2020. Coronavirus. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. Available at: https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus#tab=tab_2. Accessed August 17, 2020.
Ghana: Ministry of Health, 2020. For Immediate Release: Ghana Comfirms Two Cases of COVID-19. Available at: https://www.ghanahealthservice.org/covid19/downloads/covid_19_first_confirmed_GH.pdf. Accessed August 17, 2002.
Ghana Health Service, 2020. Ministerial Directive on Wearing of Masks in Public Places to Prevent Transmission of COVID-19. Available at: https://ghanahealthservice.org/covid19/downloads/covid_19_nose_mask.pdf. Accessed August 17, 2020.
World Health Organization, 2020. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Situation Report – 203. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. Available at: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200810-covid-19-sitrep-203.pdf?sfvrsn=aa050308_2. Accessed August 17, 2020.
Graphic Online, 2020. Schools and Universities to Reopen for Final Year Students. Available at: https://www.graphic.com.gh/news/politics/schools-and-universities-to-reopen-for-final-year-students.html. Accessed August 17, 2020.
Myjoyonline, 2020. Schools Will Only Be Shut Down if COVID-19 Infection Rate Reaches 15% – Deputy Health Minister. Available at: https://www.myjoyonline.com/news/education/schools-will-only-be-shut-down-if-covid-19-infection-rate-reaches-15-deputy-health-minister/. Accessed August 17, 2020.
MacIntyre CR, Chughtai AA, 2020. A rapid systematic review of the efficacy of face masks and respirators against coronaviruses and other respiratory transmissible viruses for the community, healthcare workers and sick patients. Int J Nurs Stud 108: 103629.
Furukawa NW, Brooks JT, Sobel J, 2020. Evidence supporting transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 while presymptomatic or asymptomatic. Emerg Infect Dis 26: e201595.
Wilder-Smith A, Freedman DO, 2020. Isolation, quarantine, social distancing and community containment: pivotal role for old-style public health measures in the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak. J Travel Med 27: taaa020.