This talk is dedicated to the tens of thousands of men and women who battled against and defeated smallpox over the past centuries, and to those responsible for maintaining this achievement. I thank Kevin Tervala of the Baltimore Museum of Art for figures 2 and 3. Mantra Singh continues to provide excellent assistance in manuscript preparation and other ways. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author and not necessarily those of the NIH or the Department of Health and Human Services.
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