We present a 38-year-old man from Ethiopia with epigastric pain, repeated vomiting, poor appetite over 1 month, with no history of diarrhea, change in stool color, or fever. He showed no response to omeprazole, and examination was unremarkable, and his stools were negative for parasites and Helicobacter pylori antigen. Gastroscopy revealed a bulk of whitish, flat, segmented worm almost completely obstructing the pyloric ring (Figure 1A). There was extensive inflammatory edema involving the antrum and the proximal duodenal mucosa with associated luminal stenosis (B). The worm was gently pushed down into the duodenum using biopsy forceps relieving the obstruction (C). The appearance of the parasite is consistent with a Taenia infection. Because the patient had a history of frequently ingesting raw beef and not pork, it was probably Taenia saginata. To exclude concomitant pathologies, biopsy specimens were taken from the inflamed areas, the result of which showed chronic lymphocytic gastroduodenitis. The patient was treated with single dose of praziquantel 600 mg and pantoprazole 40 mg twice daily and advised not to eat undercooked meat. On re-evaluation 3 days later, he reported passage of dead worms with stool and improvement of his abdominal pain and vomiting. Taenia is a tapeworm acquired by ingesting undercooked beef or pork. Most people with taeniasis are asymptomatic and only become aware of the infection when they pass proglottids in stools. Such gastric obstructive presentations are very uncommon in tapeworm infection, although enteric obstruction with subsequent gastric blockage has been previously reported.1 By contrast, bowel obstruction is a well-recognized complication of ascariasis.2,3
Uysal E, Dokur M, 2017. The helminths causing surgical or endoscopic abdominal intervention: a review article. Iran J Parasitol 12: 156–168.