We would like to thank David Walker for his thoughtful review and Jon Wilson of Arkana Laboratories for assisting with APOL1 variant testing.
Hernandez Cabrera M, Angel-Moreno A, Santana E, Bolanos M, Frances A, Martin-Sanchez MS, Perez-Arellano JL, 2004. Murine typhus with renal involvement in Canary Islands, Spain. Emerg Infect Dis 10: 740–743.
Shaked Y, Shpilberg O, Samra Y, 1994. Involvement of the kidneys in Mediterranean spotted fever and murine typhus. Q J Med 87: 103–107.
Whiteford SF, Taylor JP, Dumler JS, 2001. Clinical, laboratory, and epidemiologic features of murine typhus in 97 Texas children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 155: 396–400.
Silpapojakul K, Chayakul P, Krisanapan S, Silpapojakul K, 1993. Murine typhus in Thailand: clinical features, diagnosis and treatment. Q J Med 86: 43–47.
Whelton A, Donadio JV Jr., Elisberg BL, 1968. Acute renal failure complicating rickettsial infections in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient individuals. Ann Intern Med 69: 323–328.
Genovese G, Friedman DJ, Pollak MR, 2013. APOL1 variants and kidney disease in people of recent African ancestry. Nat Rev Nephrol 9: 240–244.
Tzur S 2010. Missense mutations in the APOL1 gene are highly associated with end stage kidney disease risk previously attributed to the MYH9 gene. Hum Genet 128: 345–350.
Kruzel-Davila E, Wasser WG, Aviram S, Skorecki K, 2016. APOL1 nephropathy: from gene to mechanisms of kidney injury. Nephrol Dial Transpl 31: 349–358.
Araujo SA, Cordeiro TME, Belisario AR, Araujo RFA, Marinho PES, Kroon EG, de Oliveira DB, Teixeira MM, Simoes ESAC, 2019. First report of collapsing variant of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis triggered by arbovirus: dengue and Zika virus infection. Clin Kidney J 12: 355–361.
Markowitz GS, Nasr SH, Stokes MB, D'Agati VD, 2010. Treatment with IFN-α, -β, or -γ is associated with collapsing focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 5: 607–615.
Caro-Gomez E, Gazi M, Cespedes MA, Goez Y, Teixeira B, Valbuena G, 2014. Phenotype of the anti-Rickettsia CD8(+) T cell response suggests cellular correlates of protection for the assessment of novel antigens. Vaccine 32: 4960–4967.
Rauch J, Eisermann P, Noack B, Mehlhoop U, Muntau B, Schafer J, Tappe D, 2018. Typhus group rickettsiosis, Germany, 2010–2017(1). Emerg Infect Dis 24: 1213–1220.
Priyadarshini D, Gadia RR, Tripathy A, Gurukumar KR, Bhagat A, Patwardhan S, Mokashi N, Vaidya D, Shah PS, Cecilia D, 2010. Clinical findings and pro-inflammatory cytokines in dengue patients in western India: a facility-based study. PLoS One 5: e8709.
Tangteerawatana P, Pichyangkul S, Hayano M, Kalambaheti T, Looareesuwan S, Troye-Blomberg M, Khusmith S, 2007. Relative levels of IL4 and IFN-gamma in complicated malaria: association with IL4 polymorphism and peripheral parasitemia. Acta Trop 101: 258–265.
Walker DH, Popov VL, Feng HM, 2000. Establishment of a novel endothelial target mouse model of a typhus group rickettsiosis: evidence for critical roles for gamma interferon and CD8 T lymphocytes. Lab Invest 80: 1361–1372.