We thank the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Shenzhen for supporting. We also appreciate all study participants who have been involved and contributed to the procedure of data collection.
Iqbal MS, Iqbal MW, Bahari MB, Iqbal MZ, 2014. Health-related quality of life among tuberculosis patients in Pakistan: a cross sectional study using WHOQOL-BREF. Value Health 17: A601–A602.
Brown J, Capocci S, Smith C, Morris S, Abubakar I, Lipman M, 2015. Health status and quality of life in tuberculosis. Int J Infect Dis 32: 68–75.
Balaji AL, Abhishekh HA, Kumar NC, Mehta RM, 2013. Depression in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in a tertiary care general hospital. Asian J Psychiatr 6: 251–252.
Duko B, Gebeyehu A, Ayano G, 2015. Prevalence and correlates of depression and anxiety among patients with tuberculosis at WolaitaSodo University Hospital and Sodo Health Center, WolaitaSodo, south Ethiopia, cross sectional study. BMC Psychol 14: 214.
Husain MO, Dearman SP, Chaudhry IB, Rizvi N, Waheed W, 2008. The relationship between anxiety, depression and illness perception in tberculosis patients in Pakistan. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 26: 4.
Kehbila J, Ekabe CJ, Aminde LN, Noubiap JJ, Fon PN, Monekosso GL, 2016. Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in adult patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in the southwest region of Cameroon. Infect Dis Poverty 5: 51.
Sweetland A, Oquendo M, Wickramaratne P, Weissman M, Wainberg M, 2014. Depression: a silent driver of the global tuberculosis epidemic. World Psychiatry 13: 325–326.
Qiu L, Yang Q, Tong Y, Lu Z, Gong Y, Yin X, 2018. The mediating effects of stigma on depressive symptoms in patients with tuberculosis: a structural equation modeling approach. Front Psychiatry 9: 618.
Doherty AM, Kelly J, McDonald C, O’Dywer AM, Keane J, Cooney J, 2013. A review of the interplay between tuberculosis and mental health. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 35: 398–406.
Mason PH, Sweetland AC, Fox GJ, Halovic S, Nguyen TA, Marks GB, 2016. Tuberculosis and mental health in the Asia-Pacific. Australas Psychiatry 24: 553–555.
Koyanagi A, Vancampfort D, Carvalho AF, DeVylder JE, Haro JM, Pizzol D, Veronese N, Stubbs B, 2017. Depression comorbid with tuberculosis and its impact on health status: cross-sectional analysis of community-based data from 48 low- and middle-income countries. BMC Med 15: 209.
Gong Y, Yan S, Qiu L, Zhang S, Lu Z, Tong Y, Fang P, Yin X, 2018. Prevalence of depressive symptoms and related risk factors among patients with tuberculosis in China: a multistage cross-sectional study. Am J Trop Med Hyg 98: 1624–1628.
dos Santos APC, Lazzari TK, Silva DR, 2017. Health-related quality of life, depression and anxiety in hospitalized patients with tuberculosis. Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) 80: 69–76.
Li T, He XX, Chang ZR, Ren YH, Zhou JY, Ju LR, Jia ZW, 2011. Impact of new migrant populations on the spatial distribution of tuberculosis in Beijing. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 15: 163–168.
Smilkstein G, 1978. The family APGAR: a proposal for a family function test and its use by physicians. J Fam Pract 6: 1231–1239.
Nan H, Lee PH, Ni MY, Chan BH, Lam TH, 2013. Effects of depressive symptoms and family satisfaction on health related quality of life: the Hong Kong FAMILY study. PLoS One 8: e58436.
Yang TT, 2016. Development and evaluation of tuberculosis-related stigma scale [article in Chinese]. J Pubic Health Prev Med 27: 119–122.
Yin X, Yan S, Tong Y, Peng X, Yang T, Lu Z, Gong Y, 2018. Status of tuberculosis-related stigma and associated factors: a cross-sectional study in central China. Trop Med Int Health 23: 199–205.
Radloff LS, 1977. The CES-D scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Appl Psychol Meas 1: 385–401.
Zhang J, Sun W, Kong Y, Wang C, 2012. Reliability and validity of the center for epidemiological studies depression scale in 2 special adult samples from rural China. Compr Psychiatry 53: 1243–1251.
Xavier PB, Peixoto B, 2015. Emotional distress in Angolan patients with several types of tuberculosis. Afr Health Sci 15: 378–384.
Masumoto S, Yamamoto T, Ohkado A, Yoshimatsu S, Querri AG, Kamiya Y, 2014. Prevalence and associated factors of depressive state among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Manila, the Philippines. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 18: 174–179.
Pan SW, Yen YF, Feng JY, Su VYF, Kou YR, Su WJ, 2015. The risk of depressive disorder among contacts of tuberculosis patients in a TB-endemic area: a population-based cohort study. Medicine (Baltimore) 94: e1870.
Lee LY, Tung HH, Chen SC, Fu CH, 2017. Perceived stigma and depression in initially diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients. J Clin Nurs 26: 4813–4821.
Chinouya MJ, Adeyanju O, 2017. A disease called stigma: the experience of stigma among African men with TB diagnosis in London. Public Health 145: 45–50.
Cremers AL, de Laat MM, Kapata N, Gerrets R, Klipstein-Grobusch K, Grobusch MP, 2015. Assessing the consequences of stigma for tuberculosis patients in urban Zambia. PLoS One 10: e0119861.
Lee LT, Chen CJ, Suo J, Chen SC, Chen CY, Lin RS, 1993. Family factors affecting the outcome of tuberculosis treatment in Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc 92: 1049–1056.
Sun YH, Sun L, Wu HY, Zhang ZK, Wang B, Yu C, Cao HY, 2009. Loneliness, social support and family function of people living with HIV/AIDS in Anhui rural area, China. Int J STD AIDS 20: 255–258.