Planned Tables of Contents for Future Issues

Planned future tables of contents are available approximately 3-4 weeks in advance of their publication date. These articles have been accepted for this issue. Change is possible before publication.



Biosocial Strategies to Address the Socioeconomic Determinants and Consequences of the TB and COVID-19 Pandemics

Debora Pedrazzoli and Tom Wingfield 

Images in Clinical Tropical Medicine   

Colesional Cutaneous Kaposi Sarcoma and Cryptococcosis

Abdullah Ismail, Silindile Sibisi, and Sugeshnee Pather    

Stories from the Field 

Balancing the Act

Madhusudan Samprathi   

COVID-19 in Ecuador: Imported Control Strategies without Context in a Challenged Healthcare System

Diego Herrera, Carlos Troya Altamirano, and David Gaus    

Presidential Address

Smallpox Eradication: African Origin, African Solutions, and Relevance for COVID-19

Joel G. Breman  


Q and A with Outgoing ASTMH President Joel Breman

Perspective Pieces s   


The Role of Health in Education and Human Capital: Why an Integrated Approach to School Health Could Make a Difference in the Futures of Schoolchildren in Low-Income Countries

Lauren M. Cohee, Katherine E. Halliday, Aulo Gelli, Irene Mwenyango, Fernando Lavadenz, Carmen Burbano, Lesley Drake, and Donald A. P. Bundy   

Where Shared Sanitation is the Only Immediate Option: A Research Agenda for Shared Sanitation in Densely Populated Low-Income Urban Settings

James B. Tidwell, Jenala Chipungu, Ian Ross, Prince Antwi-Agyei, Mahbub-Ul Alam, Innocent K. Tumwebaze, Guy Norman, Oliver Cumming, and Sheillah Simiyu   

Critical Considerations for COVID-19 Vaccination of Refugees, Immigrants, and Migrants

Christine M. Thomas, Michael T. Osterholm, and William M. Stauffer   

COVID-19 and Tuberculosis-Related Catastrophic Costs

Ahmad Fuady, Tanja A. J. Houweling, and Jan Hendrik Richardus   

The Gross National Happiness Framework and the Health System Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Bhutan

Thinley Dorji   

Polio Amidst COVID-19 in Pakistan: What are the Efforts Being Made and Challenges at Hand?

Shoaib Ahmad, Maryam Salma Babar, Attaullah Ahmadi, Mohammad Yasir Essar, Uzzam Ahmed Khawaja, and Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno, III   

COVID-19 Highlights the Need for Inclusive Responses to Public Health Emergencies in Africa

Yusuff Adebayo Adebisi, Aniekan Ekpenyong, Blaise Ntacyabukura, Mat Lowe, Nafisat Dasola Jimoh, Toyyib Oladimeji Abdulkareem, and Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno, III   

COVID-19 Misinformation and Infodemic in Rural Africa

Melody Okereke, Nelson Ashinedu Ukor, Lilian Muthoni Ngaruiya, Chikwe Mwansa, Samar Mohammed Alhaj, Isaac Olushola Ogunkola, Hadi Mohammed Jaber, Mashkur Abdulhamid Isa, Aniekan Ekpenyong, and Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno, III   

Threats of COVID-19 to Achieving United Nations Sustainable Development Goals in Africa

Osmond C. Ekwebelem, Ekenedirichukwu S. Ofielu, Obinna V. Nnorom-Dike, Chizoba Iweha, Nicholas C. Ekwebelem, Bright C. Obi, and Sani E. Ugbede-Ojo   

Effect of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Pregnancy on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Africa: An AFREhealth Call for Evidence through Multicountry Research Collaboration

Jean B. Nachega, Nadia A. Sam-Agudu, Samantha Budhram, Taha E. Taha, Valerie Vannevel, Priya Somapillay, Daniel Katuashi Ishoso, Michel Tshiasuma Pipo, Christian Bongo-Pasi Nswe, John Ditekemena, Birhanu T. Ayele, Rhoderick N. Machekano, Onesmus W. Gachuno, John Kinuthia, Nancy Mwongeli, Musa Sekikubo, Philippa Musoke, Evans Kofi Agbeno, Lawal W. Umar, Mukanire Ntakwinja, Denis M. Mukwege, Emily R. Smith, Eduard J. Mills, John Otokoye Otshudiema, Placide Mbala-Kingebeni, Jean-Marie N. Kayembe, Don Jethro Mavungu Landu, Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfum, Alimuddin Zumla, Eduard J. Langenegger, and Lynne M. Mofenson; for the AFREhealth COVID-19 Research Collaboration Working Group  

Review Articles  

Lassa Fever: An Evolving Emergency in West Africa

Oluwafemi O. Balogun, Oluwatosin W. Akande, and Davidson H. Hamer  

Meeting Report

Inauguration of the Tanzania Society of Human Genetics: Biomedical Research in Tanzania with Emphasis on Human Genetics and Genomics

Mohamed Zahir Alimohamed, Aneth David Mwakilili, Kenneth Mbwanji, Zainab Karim Manji, Frida Kaywanga, Kilaza Samson Mwaikono, Ismael Adolf, Julie Makani, Ben Hamel, Collen Masimirembwa, Deus Simon Ishengoma, and Siana Nkya  



Lung Ultrasound for Detection of Pulmonary Complications in Critically Ill Obstetric Patients in a Resource-Limited Setting

Luigi Pisani, Anna De Nicolo, Marcella Schiavone, Adetunji O. Adeniji, Angela De Palma, Francesco Di Gennaro, Edward Ejiro Emuveyan, Salvatore Grasso, Patricia C. Henwood, Alimamy P. Koroma, Stije Leopold, Claudia Marotta, Giuseppe Marulli, Giovanni Putoto, Enzo Pisani, James Russel, Ary Serpa Neto, Arjen M. Dondorp, Eva Hanciles, Michael M. Koroma, and Marcus J. Schultz   

Case Report: Dengue and COVID-19 Coinfection in Thailand

Worapong Nasomsong, Viravarn Luvira, and Danabhand Phiboonbanakit   

Limited Secondary Transmission of the Novel Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) by Asymptomatic and Mild COVID-19 Patients in Bhutan

Tshokey Tshokey, Jamyang Choden, Kinley Dorjee, Pempa Pempa, Pema Yangzom, Wangdi Gyeltshen, Sonam Wangchuk, Tandin Dorji, and Dechen Wangmo   

Safe Use and Storage of Cleaners, Disinfectants, and Hand Sanitizers: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices among U.S. Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic, May 2020

Radhika Gharpure, Gabrielle F. Miller, Candis M. Hunter, Amy H. Schnall, Jasen Kunz, and Amanda G. Garcia-Williams   

Face-Masking, an Acceptable Protective Measure against COVID-19 in Ugandan High-Risk Groups

Gerald Mboowa, David Musoke, Douglas Bulafu, and Dickson Aruhomukama   

COVID-19 Home Deaths without Medical Assistance in Northeastern Brazil

Pedro Mansueto Melo de Souza, Gunter Gerson, Carlos Eduardo Lopes Soares, Sarlene Gomes de Souza, Josebson Silva Dias, Deborah Nunes de Melo, Erasmo Miessa Ruiz, Fabio Tavora, and Luciano Pamplona de Goes Cavalcanti   

A Cross-Sectional Study of the Impact of COVID-19 on Domestic Violence, Menstruation, Genital Tract Health, and Contraception Use among Women in Jordan

Iman Aolymat   

Practice of COVID-19 Preventive Measures and Its Associated Factors among Students in Ghana

Paschal Awingura Apanga, Isaac Bador Kamal Lettor, and Ramatu Akunvane   

Clinical Profile and Treatment of COVID-19 Patients: Experiences from an Ethiopian Treatment Center

Seid Getahun Abdela, Seid Hassen Abegaz, Wondmagegn Demsiss, Koku Sisay Tamirat, Saskia van Henten, and Johan van Griensven   

A Survey of the Healthcare Workers in Afghanistan during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Arash Nemat, Abdullah Asady, Nahid Raufi, Naqeebullah Zaki, Ehsanullah Ehsan, Noor Ahmad Shah Noor, and Qingchun Zeng   

Lack of Association of Initial Viral Load in SARS-CoV-2 Patients with In-Hospital Mortality

Anna Carrasquer, Óscar M. Peiró, Raul Sanchez-Gimenez, Nisha Lal-Trehan, Victor del-Moral-Ronda, Gil Bonet, Cristina Gutierrez, Isabel Fort-Gallifa, Carla Martin-Grau, Clara Benavent, Francesc Vidal, and Alfredo Bardají   

Officially Confirmed COVID-19 and Unreported COVID-19–Like Illness Death Counts: An Assessment of Reporting Discrepancy in Bangladesh

Mazbahul G. Ahamad, Fahian Tanin, Byomkesh Talukder, and Monir U. Ahmed   

Modeling the Stability of SARS-CoV-2 on Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Andrew D. Haddow, Taylor R. Watt, Holly A. Bloomfield, David P. Fetterer, and David E. Harbourt   

Case Report: Refractory Shock due to Fulminant Dengue Myocarditis Treated with Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: A Report of Four Cases

Laura Teysseyre, Yael Levy, Amélie Renou, Charles Vidal, Mathilde Larghi, Guillaume Biland, Nicolas Ledieu, Nicolas Allou, Julien Jabot, and Jérôme Allyn   

Zika Virus Disease Comparing Children and Adults in a Dengue-Endemic Setting

Jurai Wongsawat, Nutcharin Vivong, Patama Suttha, Sumonmal Utayamakul, Somtavil Aumpornareekul, Api Chewcharat, and Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit   

Vector Competence of Aedes aegypti Populations from Entebbe, Uganda, for Zika Virus

John-Paul Mutebi and Julius J. Lutwama   

Outcome of Japanese Encephalitis Virus (JEV) Infection in Pediatric and Adult Patients at Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, Lao PDR

Mayfong Mayxay, Phouvieng Douangdala, Chanthala Vilayhong, Koukeo Phommasone, Vilada Chansamouth, Manivanh Vongsouvath, Sayaphet Rattanavong, Ko Chang, Onanong Sengvilaipaseuth, Anisone Chanthongthip, Soulignasack Thongpaseuth, Paul N. Newton, and Audrey Dubot-Pérès   

Persistence of IgM Antibodies after Vaccination with Live Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine

Susan L. Hills, Alex Van Keulen, Jodi Feser, Amanda Panella, G. William Letson, J. Erin Staples, Anthony A. Marfin, and Aaron C. Brault   

Sudomotor Changes in Hepatitis C Virus Infection with or without Diabetes Mellitus: A Pilot Study in Egyptian Patients

El-Sayed Tharwa, Anwar Mohamed, Helmy Elshazly, Mohsen Salama, Mohamed I. Youssef, Mohammed Saied Bakeer, Shimaa Y. Kamel, Sabry Moawad Abdelmageed, HosamEldeen Salah Shabana, Mahmoud Abdelrashed Allam, Sherief M. Al Shazly, Elsayed Fathi Ali Hamed, Hassan Yousef Zied, Doaa Elwazzan, Sally Waheed Elkhadry, Aya Mohammed Mahros, Mohammed Hussien Ahmed, Mohammad AbdElhameed Ahmed Alwaseef, and Mohamed Abdel-Samiee   

Lassa Fever among Children in Eastern Province, Sierra Leone: A 7-year Retrospective Analysis (2012–2018)

Robert J. Samuels, Troy D. Moon, Joseph R. Starnes, Foday Alhasan, Michael Gbakie, Augustine Goba, Veronica Koroma, Mambu Momoh, John Demby Sandi, Robert F. Garry, Emily J. Engel, Jeffrey G. Shaffer, John S. Schieffelin, and Donald S. Grant   

Serologic Survey of Mosquito-Borne Viruses in Hunter-Harvested White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), New York State

Alan P. Dupuis, II, Melissa A. Prusinski, Alexis Russell, Collin O’Connor, Joseph G. Maffei, JoAnne Oliver, John J. Howard, James A. Sherwood, Keith Tober, Ilia Rochlin, Moses Cucura, Bryon Backenson, and Laura D. Kramer   

A Tale of Two Viruses: Coinfections of Monkeypox and Varicella Zoster Virus in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Christine M. Hughes, Lindy Liu, Whitni B. Davidson, Kay W. Radford, Kimberly Wilkins, Benjamin Monroe, Maureen G. Metcalfe, Toutou Likafi, Robert Shongo Lushima, Joelle Kabamba, Beatrice Nguete, Jean Malekani, Elisabeth Pukuta, Stomy Karhemere, Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfum, Emile Okitolonda Wemakoy, Mary G. Reynolds, D. Scott Schmid, and Andrea M. McCollum   

Nonautomated Blood Cultures in a Low-Resource Setting: Optimizing the Timing of Blind Subculture

Sien Ombelet, Marjan Peeters, Chhundy Phe, Achilleas Tsoumanis, Chun Kham, Syna Teav, Erika Vlieghe, Thong Phe, and Jan Jacobs   

Analysis of 262 Children with Scrub Typhus Infection: A Single-Center Experience

Rashmi Kispotta, Ananthanarayanan Kasinathan, Peter Prasanth Kumar Kommu, and Manikandan Mani   

Prevalence of Nontuberculous Mycobacterium Infections versus Tuberculosis among Autopsied HIV Patients in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Cho-Han Chiang, Pui-Un Tang, Gin Hoong Lee, Ting-Hui Chiang, Cho-Hung Chiang, Kevin Sheng-Kai Ma, and Chi-Tai Fang   

Multidrug Therapy for Leprosy Can Cure Patients with Lobomycosis in Acre State, Brazil: A Proof of Therapy Study

Franciely Gomes Gonçalves, Patrícia Sammarco Rosa, Andrea de Farias Fernandes Belone, Léia Borges Carneiro, Vânia Lúcia Queiroz de Barros, Rosineide Ferreira Bispo, Yally Alves da Silva Sbardelott, Sebastião Afonso Viana Macedo Neves, Amy Y. Vittor, William John Woods, and Gabriel Zorello Laporta   

Case Report: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Misdiagnosed as Pyoderma Gangrenosum

Ambra Di Altobrando, Cosimo Misciali, Beatrice Raone, Luciano Attard, and Valeria Gaspari   

Case Report: Erysipeloid Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Treated with Oral Miltefosine

Niraj Parajuli, Sabeena Adhikary, Anupama Karki, and Sumida Tiwari   

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices about Visceral Leishmaniasis in Endemic Areas of Malda District, West Bengal, India

Ushnish Guha, Moytrey Chatterjee, Ashif Ali Sardar, Kingsuk Jana, Pabitra Saha, Ardhendu Kumar Maji, and Subhasish Kamal Guha   

Chagas Disease Vectors of Espírito Santo, Brazil: First Report of Triatoma infestans (Klug, 1834) (Hemiptera, Triatominae) in the Brazilian State and Development of an Identification Key Based on Cytogenetic Data

Jader de Oliveira, João Aristeu da Rosa, and Kaio Cesar Chaboli Alevi   

Revisiting the Chromosomal Diversification of the Genus Rhodnius (Stål, 1859) (Hemiptera, Triatominae)

Amanda Ravazi, Nicoly Olaia, Jader de Oliveira, Eder dos Santos Souza, João Aristeu da Rosa, Maria Tercília Vilela de Azeredo-Oliveira, and Kaio Cesar Chaboli Alevi   

Diarrhea in Children with Plasmodium falciparum Malaria: A Case–Control Study on the Prevalence and Response to Antimalarial Treatment

Andrea Lo Veccio, Francesca Wanda Basile, Dario Bruzzese, Fabiola Di Dato, Pamella Aol, Venice Omona, Andrea Smarrazzo, and Alfredo Guarino    

Determinants of Malaria Protective Immunity in Mice Immunized with Live Sporozoites during Trimethoprim–Sulfamethoxazole Prophylaxis

Charlotte V. Hobbs, Tejram Sahu, Jillian Neal, Solomon Conteh, Tatiana Voza, William Borkowsky, Jean Langhorne, and Patrick E. Duffy   

Sustained Malaria Transmission despite Reactive Screen-and-Treat in a Low-Transmission Area of Southern Zambia

Kelly M. Searle, Ben Katowa, Michael Musonda, Julia C. Pringle, Harry Hamapumbu, Japhet Matoba, Mukuma Lubinda, Timothy Shields, Tamaki Kobayashi, Jennifer C. Stevenson, Douglas E. Norris, Philip E. Thuma, Amy Wesolowski, and William J. Moss; for the Southern and Central Africa International Center of Excellence for Malaria Research   

Erythrocyte Binding Activity of PkDBPαII of Plasmodium knowlesi Isolated from High and Low Parasitemia Cases

Fatma Diyana Mohd Bukhari, Yee Ling Lau, and Mun Yik Fong    

The Impact of Three Years of Targeted Indoor Residual Spraying with Pirimiphos-Methyl on Household Vector Abundance in a High Malaria Transmission Area of Northern Zambia

Marisa A. Hast, Jennifer C. Stevenson, Mbanga Muleba, Mike Chaponda, Jean-Bertin Kabuya, Modest Mulenga, Timothy Shields, William J. Moss, and Douglas E. Norris; for the Southern and Central Africa International Centers of Excellence in Malaria Research   

Providing Ancillary Care in Clinical Research: A Case of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma during a Malaria Vaccine Trial in Equatorial Guinea

Stephen R. Manock, Ali Mtoro, Vicente Urbano Nsue Ndong, Ally Olotu, Mwajuma Chemba, Antonio E. Sama Roca, Esther Eburi, Guillermo A. García, Carlos Cortes Falla, Julie Niemczura de Carvalho, Jaime Contreras, Baltasar Saturno, Juan de Dios Riocalo, José Luis Nze Mba, Rima Koka, Seung Tae Lee, Hari Menon, L. W. Preston Church, Mitoha Ondo’o Ayekaba, Peter F. Billingsley, Salim Abdulla, Thomas L. Richie, and Stephen L. Hoffman   

Socio-Demographic Determinants Associated with Blastocystis Infection in Arequipa, Peru

Renzo S. Salazar-Sánchez, Kasandra Ascuña-Durand, Jorge Ballón-Echegaray, Victor Vásquez-Huerta, Elí Martínez-Barrios, and Ricardo Castillo-Neyra   

Case Report: Rhinosporidiosis Literature Review

Andrés F. Arias, Sergio D. Romero, and Carlos G. Garcés    

2-D Shear Wave Elastography for the Evaluation of Liver Fibrosis in Hepatosplenic Schistosomiasis: Reliability of a Single Measurement and Inter-Hepatic Lobe Variability

Zulane S. T. Veiga, Hugo Perazzo, Flávia F. Fernandes, Gustavo H. Pereira, Marta G. Cavalcanti, José M. Peralta, Renata M. Perez, and Cristiane A. Villela-Nogueira   

Impact of Anthelmintic Price Increases on Practice Patterns of Healthcare Providers Caring for Immigrant and Refugee Populations in the United States

Madeline Fleit, Hannah Volkman, Jonathan Alpern, Alyssa R. Lindrose, William Stauffer, and Edward Mitre   

Investigation of Dracunculiasis Transmission among Humans, Chad, 2013–2017

Eugene W. Liu, Anita D. Sircar, Kolio Matchanga, Ada Mbang Mahamat, Neloumta Ngarhor, Philip Tchindebet Ouakou, Hubert Zirimwabagabo, Ernesto Ruiz-Tiben, Dieudonné Sankara, Ryan Wiegand, and Sharon L. Roy   

Case Report: Protracted Eosinophilic Meningitis due to Probable Angiostrongyliasis

Christopher T. Mansbridge, Nicholas J. Norton, and Simon M. Fox   

Cysticidal Therapy for Diffuse Parenchymal and Calcific Neurocysticercosis

Ayush Agarwal, M. Vasantha Padma Srivastava, Anu Gupta, Roopa Rajan, Ajay Garg, Biswamohan Mishra, Mamta B. Singh, Rohit Bhatia, and Venugopalan Y. Vishnu   

Case Report: Emergence of Candida auris in the Indian Ocean Region

Yaël Levy, Guillaume Miltgen, Alexandra Rousseau, Nathalie Lugagne, Laura Teysseyre, Nicolas Traversier, Marie Desnos-Ollivier, Nicolas Allou, and Jérôme Allyn   

Case Report: Successful Treatment of Pulmonary Talaromyces marneffei Infection with Posaconazole in a Renal Transplant Recipient

Qin Lang, Aamer Pasheed Chughtai, Wei-Fang Kong, and Hai-Ying Yan   

Sociodemographic Determinants of Healthcare-Seeking Options and Alternative Management Practices of Childhood Diarrheal Illness: A Household Survey among Mothers in Iraq

Ali Harb, Sam Abraham, Mark O’Dea, Haidar Ali Hantosh, David Jordan, and Ihab Habib   

Can Social Motivators Improve Handwashing Behavior among Children? Evidence from a Cluster Randomized Trial of a School Hygiene Intervention in the Philippines

Qayam Jetha, Clément Bisserbe, Jeffery McManus, Daniel Waldroop, Ella Cecilia Naliponguit, Jon Michael Villasenor, Louise Maule, and Lilian Lehmann   

Plasma Kynurenine to Tryptophan Ratio Is Negatively Associated with Linear Growth of Children Living in a Slum of Bangladesh: Results from a Community-Based Intervention Study

Md. Amran Gazi, Subhasish Das, Md. Abdullah Siddique, Md. Ashraful Alam, Shah Mohammad Fahim, Md. Mehedi Hasan, Farzana Hossaini, Md. Mamun Kabir, Zannatun Noor, Rashidul Haque, Mustafa Mahfuz, and Tahmeed Ahmed    

The Current State of Snakebite Care in Kenya, Uganda, and Zambia: Healthcare Workers’ Perspectives and Knowledge, and Health Facilities’ Treatment Capacity

Gaby I. Ooms, Janneke van Oirschot, Benjamin Waldmann, Sophie von Bernus, Hendrika A. van den Ham, Aukje K. Mantel-Teeuwisse, and Tim Reed    

Letter to the Editor

The Pathogenicity of COVID-19 Is Independent of Increasing Altitude: The Case of Colombia

Valeria Janice Valverde-Bruffau, Laura Cárdenas, and Gustavo F. Gonzales   

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