1921
Volume 103, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Because of the pandemic of COVID-19, the federal government of Nigeria has instituted a mandatory policy requiring everyone going out in public to wear face masks. Unfortunately, the Nigeria media is awash with images of misuse and abuse of face masks by the public, government officials, and healthcare workers. Medical masks are used widely in community settings amid reported scarcity within healthcare facilities. It is observed that some people wear face masks on their chin and neck, and mask wearers give no attention to covering their mouth and nose, especially when talking. Used face masks are kept with personal belongings or disposed indiscriminately in public spaces, leading to self and environmental contamination. Inappropriate use and disposal of face masks in Nigeria could promote the spread of the novel coronavirus in the country and negate the country’s efforts to contain the COVID-19 pandemic. In the implementation of the universal masking policy in Nigeria, federal and state governments ought to consider local applicability, feasibility, and sustainability, as well as identify and mitigate all potential risks and unintended consequences. Also critical is the need for intensive public sensitization and education on appropriate use and disposal of face masks in the country.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0433
2020-05-15
2020-08-09
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/103/1/tpmd200433.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0433&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. World Health Organisation, 2020. Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan for the Novel Coronavirus. Available at: https://www.who.int/publications-detail/strategic-preparedness-and-response-plan-for-the-new-coronavirus. Accessed May 5, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. World Health Organisation, 2020. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report -73. Available at: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200402-sitrep-73-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=5ae25bc7_6. Accessed April 23, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. CDC/Coronavirus Disease 2019, 2020. Recommendation Regarding the Use of Cloth Face Coverings. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/cloth-face-cover.html. Accessed April 23, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Feng S, Shen C, Xia N, Song W, Fan M, Cowling BJ, 2020. Rational use of face masks in the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Respir Med 8: 434436.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. World Health Organization, 2020. Advice on the Use of Masks in the Context of COVID-19. Available at: https://www.who.int/publications-detail/advice-on-the-use-of-masks-in-the-community-during-home-care-and-in-healthcare-settings-in-the-context-of-the-novel-coronavirus-(2019-ncov)-outbreak. Accessed April 23, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. President Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2020. COVID-19 Regulation 2020. Available at: https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/media/files/COVID-19_REGULATIONS_2020_20200330214102.pdf. Accessed May 3, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, 2020. Advisory on the Use of Masks by Members of the Public without Respiratory Symptoms. Available at: https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/resource/guideline/UseOfMasks.pdf. Accessed April 23, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, 2020. Advisory on Use of Cloth Face Masks. Available at: https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/media/files/UseOfClothFaceMasks.pdf. Accessed May 5, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. NAFDAC, 2020. COVID-19 Personal Protection Equipment (PPEs) – Masks and Protective Clothing. Available at: https://www.nafdac.gov.ng/covid-19-personal-protection-equipment-ppes-masks-and-protective-clothing/. Accessed May 1, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Umeha C, 2020. NIDS Warns Against Misuse, Abuse of Face Masks to Prevent COVID-19. Independent Newspapers Nigeria. Available at: https://www.independent.ng/nids-warns-against-misuse-abuse-of-face-masks-to-prevent-covid-19/. Accessed May 3, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Salao G, 2020. Improper Use, Disposal of Facemasks, Hand Gloves Could Trigger COVID-19 Community Transmission in Nigeria. The Guardian Newspaper. Available at: https://guardian.ng/news/improper-use-disposal-of-facemasks-hand-gloves-could-trigger-covid-19-community-transmission/. Accessed May 3, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Matthew A, 2020. Bizzare! These Women Were Seen Washing Used Nose Mask in Order to Resell! Naija Super Fans. Available at: https://naijasuperfans.com/bizzare-these-women-were-seen-washing-used-nose-mask-in-order-to-resell-see-pictures/. Accessed May 5, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Oyeyemi T, 2020. Remarks by the SGF/Chairman of the PTF COVID-19 at the National Briefing of Wednesday, 6th May, 2020. Abuja, Nigeria: Federal Ministry of Information and Culture. Available at: https://fmic.gov.ng/remarks-by-the-sgf-chairman-of-the-ptfcovid19-at-the-national-briefing-of-wednesday-6th-may-2020/. Accessed May 6, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Ukpe P, 2020. NMA: Shortage of Protective Equipment Due to Poor Funding for Health—The Whistler NG. The Whistler. Available at: https://thewhistler.ng/nma-shortage-of-protective-equipments-due-to-poor-funding-for-health/. Accessed April 23, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Independent Newspapers, 2020. Lagos Mobile Court Tries 202 Joggers, Cyclists For Flouting Lockdown Order. Independent Newspapers Nigeria. Available at: https://www.independent.ng/lagos-mobile-court-tries-202-joggers-cyclists-for-flouting-lockdown-order/. Accessed April 23, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. National Population Commission, 2019. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2018. Available at: https://www.dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/FR359/FR359.pdf. Accessed April 23, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Chan KH, Yuen K-Y, 2020. COVID-19 epidemic: disentangling the re-emerging controversy about medical facemasks from an epidemiological perspective. Int J Epidemiol Mar 31. pii: dyaa044. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyaa044.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0433
Loading
  • Received : 07 May 2020
  • Accepted : 09 May 2020
  • Published online : 15 May 2020

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error