1921
Volume 103, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Abstract

Abstract.

Hookworm infections are classified as the most impactful of the human soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections, causing a disease burden of ∼4 million disability-adjusted life years, with a global prevalence of 406–480 million infections. Until a decade ago, epidemiological surveys largely assumed and as the relevant human hookworm species implicated as contributing to iron-deficiency anemia. This assumption was based on the indistinguishable morphology of the spp. eggs in stool and the absence of awareness of a third zoonotic hookworm species, . The expanded use of molecular diagnostic assays for differentiating hookworm species infections during STH surveys has now implicated , a predominant hookworm of dogs in Asia, as the second most common hookworm species infecting humans in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Despite this, with the exception of sporadic case reports, there is a paucity of data available on the impact of this emerging zoonosis on human health at a population level. This situation also challenges the current paradigm, necessitating a One Health approach to hookworm control in populations in which this zoonosis is endemic. Here, we have summarized the available research studies and case reports on human infections in Southeast Asia and the Pacific after 2013 using a systematic review approach. We summarized eight research articles and five clinical case studies, highlighting the importance of future in-depth investigation of zoonotic infections using sensitive and cost-effective diagnostic tools.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0060
2020-04-27
2020-08-09
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  • Received : 22 Jan 2020
  • Accepted : 16 Mar 2020
  • Published online : 27 Apr 2020

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