1921
Volume 103, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

A collaborative investigation was initiated in rural coastal South Carolina in response to a reported triatomine bite. The eastern conenose bug, , was identified and tested for . The insect was negative by PCR, and no additional triatomines were found in the vicinity of the home. This is the first published report of a bite from in South Carolina despite the fact that triatomine vectors have been documented in the state since the 1850s, and specimens have been collected from homes in the past. Sylvatic reservoirs are common throughout the southeastern United States, and this case brings to light the possibility of human contact with infected triatomines in the state of South Carolina for public health and clinical and entomology professionals.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0043
2020-08-03
2021-01-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/103/4/tpmd200043.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0043&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bern C, Kjos S, Yabsley MJ, Montgomery SP, 2011. Trypanosoma cruzi and Chagas’ disease in the United States. Clin Microbiol Rev 24: 655681.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Ekkens DB, 1981. Nocturnal flights of Triatoma (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Sabino Canyon, Arizona: I. light collections. J Med Entomol 18: 211227.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Vazquez-Prokopec GM, Ceballos LA, Kitron U, Gürtler RE, 2004. Active dispersal of natural populations of Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in rural northwestern Argentina. J Med Entomol 41: 614621.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Lent H, Wygodzinsky P, 1979. Revision of the Triatominae (Hemiptera, Reduviidae), and their significance as vectors of Chagas’ disease. Bull Am Mus Nat Hist 163: 123520.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Ryckman RE, Ryckman JV, 1967. Epizootiology of Trypanosoma cruzi in southwestern North America Part XII: does Gause’s rule apply to the ectoparasitic Triatominae? (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) (Kinetoplastidae: Trypanosomidae) (Rodentia: Cricetidae). J Med Entomol 4: 379386.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Herwaldt B, Grijalva M, Newsome A, McGhee C, Powell M, Nemec D, Steurer F, Eberhard M, 1999. Use of PCR to diagnose the fifth reported US case of autochthonous transmission of Trypanosoma Cruzi–Tennessee, 1998. Am J Trop Med Hyg 61: 564.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. McKeever S, Gorman GW, Norman L, 1958. Occurrence of a Trypanosoma cruzi-like organism in some mammals from southwestern Georgia and northwestern Florida. J Parasitol 44: 583587.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Pung OJ, Banks CW, Jones DN, Krissinger MW, 1995. Trypanosoma cruzi in wild raccoons, opossums, and triatomine bugs in southeast Georgia, USA. J Parasitol 81: 324326.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Pietrzak SM, Pung OJ, 1998. Trypanosomiasis in raccoons from Georgia. J Wildl Dis 34: 132136.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Brown EL, Roellig DM, Gompper ME, Monello RJ, Wenning KM, Gabriel MW, Yabsley MJ, 2010. Seroprevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi among eleven potential reservoir species from six states across the southern United States. Vector-Borne Zoonotic Dis 10: 757763.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Schaffer G, Hanson W, Davidson W, Nettles V, 1978. Hematotropic parasites of translocated raccoons in the southeast. J Am Vet Med Assoc 173: 11481151.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Yabsley MJ, Noblet GP, 2002. Seroprevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi in raccoons from South Carolina and Georgia. J Wildl Dis 38: 7583.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Karsten V, Davis C, Kuhn R, 1992. Trypanosoma cruzi in wild raccoons and opossums in North Carolina. J Parasitol 78: 547549.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Maloney J, Newsome A, Huang J, Kirby J, Kranz M, Wateska A, Dunlap B, Yabsley MJ, Dunn JR, Jones TF, 2010. Seroprevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi in raccoons from Tennessee. J Parasitol 96: 353358.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Parrish EA, Mead AJ, 2010. Determining the prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi in road-killed opossums (Didelphis virginiana) from Baldwin county, Georgia, using polymerase chain reaction. Ga J Sci 68: 132.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Rosypal AC, Tidwell RR, Lindsay DS, 2007. Prevalence of antibodies to Leishmania infantum and Trypanosoma cruzi in wild canids from South Carolina. J Parasitol 93: 955958.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0043
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0043
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 16 Jan 2020
  • Accepted : 26 May 2020
  • Published online : 03 Aug 2020
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error