Volume 101, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



This is the first cross-sectional study of the seroprevalence and risk factors for in Jordan. A total of 781 individuals from 11 governorates of Jordan were tested by SERION ELISA classic IgG Phase 2. A validated and pretested questionnaire was used to collect risk factors and demographic data. The overall seroprevalence for was 24.2% (95% CI; 21.3–27.3%). Unadjusted odds ratios showed that governorate of residence, consumption of raw milk, and ownership of sheep, goats, and dogs were significantly ( ≤ 0.05) associated with seropositivity. The multivariate logistic regression showed that individuals who own small ruminants had three times greater odds of seropositivity than those who do not own a small ruminant, after controlling for age, gender, raw milk consumption, and ownership of dogs. In addition, individuals who live in Al-Karak, Az-Zarqa, and Al-Tafilah had significantly greater odds of seropositivity compared with individuals who live in the capital city, Amman (OR = 3.6, 4.8, and 2.7, respectively). This study suggests that preventive measures should be practiced in ruminant farms in Jordan to avoid . infection. should also be considered in the differential diagnosis of febrile-like illnesses in Jordan, especially among farmers and veterinarians.


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  • Received : 16 Jan 2019
  • Accepted : 22 Apr 2019
  • Published online : 20 May 2019

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