1921
Volume 100, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Abstract

Abstract.

A 23-year-old recent emigrant from Afghanistan presented in August 2017 with severe wheezing and dyspnea that required hospital admission. Her illness was associated with marked peripheral blood eosinophilia (9,900–15,600/µL; 45.2–68%), as well as mild nausea, epigastric pain, and decreased appetite. She had lived until 3 months earlier in close proximity to cattle in her home in Kabul and did not recall eating watercress or other leafy plants associated with transmission. Computerized tomography scanning showed bilateral ground-glass lung consolidations and multiple distinctive hypo-attenuating linear, tubuliform, and nodular liver lesions, including a large subcapsular hematoma. Numerous tests for rheumatological and malignant disorders were negative. infestation was suspected on epidemiological, clinical, and radiographic grounds, and was confirmed by immunoblotting at the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Multiple stool ova and parasite examinations were negative and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography did not identify trematodes. Her acute respiratory illness resolved with asthma-targeted therapies and her eosinophilia resolved with triclabendazole, which was obtained from CDC via an FDA Investigational New Drug application. Fascioliasis is uncommon in the United States, but the prolonged warfare and civil strife in Afghanistan and adjacent areas may lead to increased incidence outside the endemic region. Her case also demonstrates how hepatic imaging features of fascioliasis can be pathognomonic in clinical scenarios with eosinophilia and appropriate epidemiology and clinical features. We also highlight her relatively unusual presentation with symptoms of Loeffler-like syndrome alone.

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  • Received : 30 Jul 2018
  • Accepted : 21 Nov 2018
  • Published online : 07 Jan 2019

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