Volume 99, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The northeastern region of Brazil has faced in the last 2 years the largest outbreak of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection in its history. There are still few studies on kidney involvement in CHIKV. The aim of this study is to describe the impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on CHIKV clinical manifestations and outcome. This is a cross-sectional study conducted in the State of Ceara, northeastern Brazil, including all registered cases of CHIKV infection in the period from January 2016 to December 2017. Clinical manifestations were collected from the notification reports from official data bank from the State Secretary of Health of Ceara: National System of Diseases Notification and Laboratory Manager. A total of 182,731 cases were notified. Patients’ mean age was 32.4 ± 14.6 years, and 62.2% were female. The most common clinical manifestations were fever (88.6%), headache (72.9%), intense arthralgia (69.5%), and myalgia (65.6%). Hospital admission was required for 3,080 cases (3.3%), and death occurred in 383 cases (0.2%). Chronic kidney disease was reported in 691 cases (0.3%). Patients with CKD had a higher frequency of almost all clinical manifestations, including fever, myalgia, exanthema, vomiting, nausea, back pain, conjunctivitis, arthritis, severe arthralgia, petechiae, and retro-orbital pain. They also had a significantly higher frequency of diabetes, hematological disorders, liver diseases, hypertension, peptic ulcer disease, and autoimmune diseases. Mortality was significantly higher among CKD patients than patients without CKD (3.0% versus 0.2%, < 0.0001).


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  • Received : 26 Jun 2018
  • Accepted : 17 Aug 2018
  • Published online : 17 Sep 2018

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