Volume 99, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



To confirm and investigate possible explanations for unusual trends in malaria indicators, a protocol for rapid, focal assessment of malaria transmission and control interventions was piloted in N’Zérékoré and Macenta Prefectures, which each reported surprisingly low incidence of malaria during the peak transmission months during 2017 in holoendemic Forested Guinea. In each prefecture, epidemiological and entomological cross-sectional surveys were conducted in two sub-prefectures reporting high incidence and one sub-prefecture reporting low incidence. Investigators visited six health facilities and 356 households, tested 476 children, performed 14 larval breeding site transects, and conducted 12 nights of human landing catches during the 2-week investigation. Rapid diagnostic test positivity in the community sample of children under five ranged from 23% to 68% by subprefecture. Only 38% of persons with fever reported seeking care in the public health sector; underutilization was confirmed by verification of health facility and community healthcare worker (CHW) registries. High numbers of mosquitoes were collected in human landing collections in N’Zérékoré (38 per night in combined indoor and outdoor collections) and Macenta (87). Most of the detected breeding sites positive for larvae (83%) were shallow roadside puddles. In the investigated prefectures, malaria rates remain high and the low reported incidence likely reflects low utilization of the public health-care sector. Strengthening the CHW program to rapidly identify and treat malaria cases and elimination of roadside puddles as part of routine cleanup campaigns should be considered. Systematic joint epidemiological/entomological investigations in areas reporting anomalous signals in routine data can allow control programs to respond with tailored local interventions.


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  • Received : 07 Jun 2018
  • Accepted : 03 Jul 2018
  • Published online : 20 Aug 2018

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