1921
Volume 99, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Abstract

Abstract.

Tetanus, a vaccine-preventable and potentially fatal disease, continues to remain prevalent in low- and middle-income countries. Furthermore, physicians are often unfamiliar with management of severe tetanus without ventilator support. Therefore, we proposed a modified treatment protocol that provides a low-cost and effective solution for the management of severe tetanus in resource-constrained settings. This is an observational study of 42 patients with severe tetanus treated during 2015–2016 at Surya Kanta Hospital, Bangladesh. This facility does not have an intensive care unit (ICU), and patients admitted here were provided treatment with the modified protocol. A total number of 42 patients with severe tetanus were treated with the modified protocol. Among them, 24 (57.1%) recovered completely, six (14.3%) recovered with the sequela, and 12 (28.6%) died. Among those who recovered with the sequela, four needed mechanical support during walking and two had a visual impairment. No significant adverse event was recorded during the treatment period. The results gathered during this case series provide a sustainable, low-cost, and effective solution to management of severe tetanus in resource-constrained settings where ICUs are unavailable.

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  • Received : 28 Feb 2018
  • Accepted : 12 Jul 2018
  • Published online : 10 Sep 2018

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