I. General Aspects and Control Measures

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A. Introduction. The epidemics of malaria and other tropical diseases which afflicted our troops in the South Pacific as they moved against the advancing Japanese called forth an organization and methods of prevention which proved that such diseases need not jeopardize the success of military operations in the tropics. The South Pacific Malaria and Insect Control Organization was a joint Army-Navy-Allied group, and while these papers are concerned primarily with the organization of Army personnel, it is to be emphasized that the cooperative spirit within this joint service organization contributed immeasurably to its success. The broad outline of the problem has been described by Sapero and Butler, (1) and the control program, by Butler (2). This and subsequent sections in this series of papers make free use of material from a confidential report, since unclassified.

Author Notes

Old Orchard Park, Fairfield, Conn.

3210 Liberty Heights Avenue, Baltimore 15, Md.

c/o International Health Division, The Rockefeller Foundation, 49 West 49th Street, New York 20.

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