A Report on the Use of Atabrine in the Prophylaxis of Malaria

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When the Civilian Conservation Corps was established in the spring of 1933 considerable anxiety was felt in regard to the possibilities of malarial infection where camps were established in endemic areas.

The coastal regions of North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi, most of the states of Florida and Alabama and the delta section of Mississippi present many endemic foci for malaria. CCC camps were established in these areas from the beginning and malaria therefore became at once a decided factor in the morbidity of the CCC. When these camps were established the officers selecting the sites were informed by the civilian population in the immediate vicinity that no malaria existed in the neighborhood and time did not permit a study of local conditions. In some cases after the camp became established the camp surgeon found that many of the inhabitants in the immediate locality were malaria carriers and in other cases the first intimation of malarial infection was a sharp generalized outbreak due to the introduction of a large non-immune personnel into an endemic area.

Author Notes

Colonel, Medical Corps, United States Army, Atlanta, Georgia.

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