Dangers to Southerners in Northward Migration

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  • Department of Medicine, University of Cincinnati

In the decade following the close of the world war great numbers of southerners were enticed northward by the higher wages and better living conditions of our rapidly expanding industrial centers. The word “enticed” is used advisedly, for from certain of our northern cities active newspaper propaganda went throughout the South, setting forth the advantages of such migration. It was apparently much the same desire for obtaining cheaper labor that was so long an effective block to restriction of European immigration. At any rate Cincinnati, along with many other cities of the North, found herself early in the present depression with a large number of indigent southerners, both white and colored, to support. For the past four years almost the entire medical care of these people has fallen on the free clinics of the city, sorely taxing the capacity of the General Hospital and Out-Patient Dispensary.