Chronic Nephritis and Lead Poisoning

By L. J. Jarvis Nye, M.B., Ch.M. Illustrated with 12 figures and 11 graphs. Pages I–XV, 1–145 (inclusive of Bibliography). Angus and Robertson Ltd., 89 Castlereagh St., Sydney, Australia, 1933

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Nye has divided the substance of his discussion into five chapers, illustrated with appropriate graphs and figures and supported by some twenty tables of statistics. His thesis is to martial such facts as he has at his command to prove that the incidence of juvenile nephritis in Queensland and more especially in the Brisbane area is, or until reforms and economic conditions forced a decline, was due to absorption of lead from the dried powdered paint of the wooden houses.

The contention is that the climate causes a very rapid deterioration of all surfaces covered with a lead carbonate paint, to a degree which makes it easily rubbed off. This fact coupled with the circumstance that small children are confined to porches surrounded by railings makes it easy for them to contaminate their fingers, and carry the poison to their mouths. Even though but a minute amount is absorbed at one time, the dose is repeated day-in and day-out over weeks, months and even years until the child begins to manifest the classical signs of lead intoxication.