Case Report: First Report of Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis in Algeria: Observations from a Case Report

Nacera Seklaoui Parasitology-Mycology Department, Hospital-University of Nedir Mohammed, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria;

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Arezki Izri Parasitology-Mycology Department, Avicenne Hospital, Sorbonne Paris Nord University, Bobigny, France;
Unité des Virus Émergents (UVE: Aix-Marseille Univ, Università di Corsica, IRD 190, Inserm 1207, IRBA), Marseille, France;

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Islam Tablit Dermatology Department, Hospital-University of Nedir Mohammed, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria

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Mustapha Chergou Parasitology-Mycology Department, Hospital-University of Nedir Mohammed, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria;

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Boussad Hamrioui Parasitology-Mycology Department, Hospital-University of Nedir Mohammed, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria;
Dermatology Department, Hospital-University of Nedir Mohammed, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria

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Mohammad Akhoundi Parasitology-Mycology Department, Avicenne Hospital, Sorbonne Paris Nord University, Bobigny, France;
Unité des Virus Émergents (UVE: Aix-Marseille Univ, Università di Corsica, IRD 190, Inserm 1207, IRBA), Marseille, France;

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We present the first case of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in Algeria, diagnosed in an immunocompetent 42-year-old man exhibiting an infiltrated and ulcerated plaque leading to macrocheilitis of the entire lower lip. He was a police officer who lived in a village in Ain El Hammam (Kabylie region, known as an active focus of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis) without any history of travel for the previous 3 years. He suffered from cutaneous lesions for 22 months due to the misdiagnosis of a skin lesion resembling other diseases such as Crohn disease or sarcoidosis. A compilation of clinical, histopathological, parasitological, and molecular examinations revealed Leishmania infantum as the etiologic agent. The patient was treated with meglumine antimoniate, which resulted in the complete disappearance of the lesion 4 months after treatment.

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Author Notes

Disclosure: Informed written consent was provided and signed by the patient, including the authorization for publishing the clinical information. The study was conducted according to the guidelines of the Declaration of Helsinki, and approved by the Ethics Committee of Nedir Mohamed Hospital, Algeria (protocol no. 95/99/AVC/ESA).

Authors’ addresses: Nacera Seklaoui and Mustapha Chergou, Parasitology-Mycology Department, Hospital-University of Nedir Mohammed, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria, E-mails: naceraseklaoui@yahoo.fr, mustafachergou@yahoo.fr. Arezki Izri and Mohammad Akhound, Parasitology-Mycology Department, Avicenne Hospital, Sorbonne Paris Nord University, Bobigny, France, and Unité des Virus Émergents (UVE: Aix-Marseille Univ, Università di Corsica, IRD 190, Inserm 1207, IRBA), Marseille, France, E-mails: arezki.izri@aphp.fr and m.akhoundi@yahoo.com. Islam Tablit, Dermatology Department, Hospital-University of Nedir Mohammed, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria, E-mail: dr_tablit@yahoo.fr. Boussad Hamrioui, Parasitology-Mycology Department, Hospital-University of Nedir Mohammed, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria, and Dermatology Department, Hospital-University of Nedir Mohammed, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria, E-mail: hamriouiboussad5@gmail.com.

Address correspondence to Mohammad Akhoundi, Parasitology-Mycology Department, Avicenne Hospital, AP-HP, 125, Route de Stalingrad, 93009 Bobigny cedex, France. E-mail: m.akhoundi@yahoo.com
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