Disseminated Strongloides stercoralis is a common phenomenon among patients with immunosuppression. In this report, we present a case of disseminated Strongloides stercoralis presenting as a gastric mass in a 42-year-old male patient with a known history of HIV-1 infection and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The patient presented with symptoms and signs suggestive of acute on chronic erosive gastritis, which included persistent vomiting. Endoscopic examination revealed a gastric mass with no signs of malignancy or dysplasia. There was noted to be chronic inflammation along with morphologic features consistent with the larvae and eggs of Strongloides nematodes in a biopsied gastric mass tissue and duodenum. The disease subsequently resulted in death despite the administration of ivermectin.
Address correspondence to Dawit Wolday, Mekelle University College of Health Sciences, Mekelle, Ethiopia. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org