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An important component of malaria control programs is the ability to assess the effectiveness of the insecticide in insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) during normal usage. The standard technique to measure insecticidal activity is the World Health Organization (WHO) cone test, which in many circumstances, may be difficult to implement. We have evaluated an alternative technique, the colorimetric field test (CFT) on a group of 24-month-old Permanet® 2.0 (Vestergaard-Frandsen, Denmark) nets collected in Colombia. The CFT, which measures surface levels (SL) of deltamethrin is compared with standard high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the WHO cone test. Effective concentrations of deltamethrin for 80% mortality (EC80) were determined from the CFT and HPLC results. Distribution of insecticide SL after 24 months of use reveal that sampling of the midsection best represents the condition of the entire net. We conclude that the CFT is a practical alternative to the WHO cone test for assessing ITN efficacy.
Authors’ addresses: David A. Calle and Guillermo L. Rúa-Uribe, Medical Entomology Group, School of Medicine, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia, E-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com. Lisardo Osorio and Juan Gabriel Piñeros-Jiménez, Environmental Health Research Group, National School of Public Health, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia, E-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com. Isabel Swamidoss, Lucrecia Vizcaino, Raymond Beach, and Michael D. Green, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, E-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, and email@example.com.