Zeng W, Qiu Y, Lu D, Zhang J, Zhong X, Liu G, 2015. A retrospective analysis of 7 human immunodeficiency virus-negative infants infected by Penicillium marneffei. Medicine (Baltimore) 94: e1439.
Lee PP, Chan KW, Lee TL, Ho MH, Chen XY, Li CH, Chu KM, Zeng HS, Lau YL, 2012. Penicilliosis in children without HIV infection: are they immunodeficient? Clin Infect Dis 54: e8–e19.
Browne SK, Burbelo PD, Chetchotisakd P, Suputtamongkol Y, Kiertiburanakul S, Shaw PA, Kirk JL, Jutivorakool K, Zaman R, Ding L, Hsu AP, Patel SY, Olivier KN, Lulitanond V, Mootsikapun P, Anunnatsiri S, Angkasekwinai N, Sathapatayavongs B, Hsueh PR, Shieh CC, Brown MR, Thongnoppakhun W, Claypool R, Sampaio EP, Thepthai C, Waywa D, Dacombe C, Reizes Y, Zelazny AM, Saleeb P, Rosen LB, Mo A, Iadarola M, Holland SM, 2012. Adult-onset immunodeficiency in Thailand and Taiwan. N Engl J Med 367: 725–734.
Qiu Y, Liao H, Zhang J, Zhong X, Tan C, Lu D, 2015. Differences in clinical characteristics and prognosis of penicilliosis among HIV-negative patients with or without underlying disease in southern China: a retrospective study. BMC Infect Dis 15: 525.
Kawila R, Chaiwarith R, Supparatpinyo K, 2013. Clinical and laboratory characteristics of penicilliosis marneffei among patients with and without HIV infection in northern Thailand: a retrospective study. BMC Infect Dis 13: 464.
Le T, Wolbers M, Chi NH, Quang VM, Chinh NT, Lan NP, Lam PS, Kozal MJ, Shikuma CM, Day JN, Farrar J, 2011. Epidemiology, seasonality, and predictors of outcome of AIDS-associated Penicillium marneffei infection in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam. Clin Infect Dis 52: 945–952.
Chitasombat M, Supparatpinyo K, 2013. Penicillium marneffei infection in immunocompromised host. Curr Fungal Infect Rep 7: 44–50.
Qiu Y, Zhang J, Liu G, Zhong X, Deng J, He Z, Jing B, 2015. Retrospective analysis of 14 cases of disseminated Penicillium marneffei infection with osteolytic lesions. BMC Infect Dis 15: 47.
Lin JN, Lin HH, Lai CH, Wang JL, Yu TJ, 2010. Renal transplant recipient infected with Penicillium marneffei. Lancet Infect Dis 10: 138.
Herwig MC, Wojno T, Zhang Q, Grossniklaus HE, 2013. Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the orbit: five clinicopathologic cases and review of the literature. Surv Ophthalmol 58: 330–340.
Babeto LT, de Oliveira BM, de Castro LP, Campos MK, Valadares MT, Viana MB, 2011. Langerhans cell histiocytosis: 37 cases in a single Brazilian institution. Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter 33: 353–357.
Girschikofsky M, Arico M, Castillo D, Chu A, Doberauer C, Fichter J, Haroche J, Kaltsas GA, Makras P, Marzano AV, de Menthon M, Micke O, Passoni E, Seegenschmiedt HM, Tazi A, McClain KL, 2013. Management of adult patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis: recommendations from an expert panel on behalf of Euro-Histio-Net. Orphanet J Rare Dis 8: 72.
Yousukh A, Jutavijittum P, Pisetpongsa P, Chitapanarux T, Thongsawat S, Senba M, Toriyama K, 2004. Clinicopathologic study of hepatic Penicillium marneffei in northern Thailand. Arch Pathol Lab Med 128: 191–194.
Zhang JQ, Yang ML, Zhong XN, He ZY, Liu GN, Deng JM, Li MH, 2008. A comparative analysis of the clinical and laboratory characteristics in disseminated penicilliosis marneffei in patients with and without human immunodeficiency virus infection. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 31: 740–746.
Donadieu J, Chalard F, Jeziorski E, 2012. Medical management of Langerhans cell histiocytosis from diagnosis to treatment. Expert Opin Pharmacother 13: 1309–1322.
Chong YB, Tan LP, Robinson S, Lim SK, Ng KP, Keng TC, Kamarulzaman A, 2012. Penicilliosis in lupus patients presenting with unresolved fever: a report of 2 cases and literature review. Trop Biomed 29: 270–276.
|Past two years||Past Year||Past 30 Days|
|Full Text Views||280||128||6|
Talaromyces marneffei (formerly known as Penicillium marneffei) is a dimorphic fungus endemic in south and southeast Asia. It is not only commonly found in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–infected patients, but also among HIV-negative immunocompromised patients. The infection caused by this pathogen can disseminate hematogenously to other locations. Herein, we report for the first time two cases complicated with a rare disease or involving a rare site: in the first case, T. marneffei infection was complicated by Langerhans cell histiocytosis, whereas the second case showed clear etiological evidence of pleural nodules and pleural effusion caused by T. marneffei and diagnosed by thoracoscopic pleural biopsy.
Financial support: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi (No. 2015GXNSFAA139189).
Authors' addresses: Ye Qiu, Department of Integrated Medicine, The Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Mingqi Pan, Jianquan Zhang, Xiaoning Zhong, Yu Li, and Hui Zhang, Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China, E-mails: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, and email@example.com. Bixun Li, Department of Comprehensive Internal Medicine, The Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.