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Human taeniasis/cysticercosis caused by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium has been identified as a potentially eradicable disease by the International Task Force for Disease Eradication of the World Health Organization. In southeast Asia, T. solium taeniasis/cysticercosis is considered one of the major neglected tropical diseases afflicting the region. In the last few decades, a considerable effort has been invested toward establishing the epidemiology and burden of disease in several southeast Asian countries. Moreover, further evidence is emerging as to understanding the dynamics of disease transmission and cultural, political, and socioeconomic factors influencing the success of control and eradication efforts within the region. However, despite major collaborations by several champion groups, advances have been slow and little remains known about the complete epidemiology of taeniasis/cysticercosis and the barriers to programmatic success. This review article aims to address the above issues with a further focus on the challenges to control and eradicate taeniasis/cysticercosis within the southeast Asia region.
Authors' addresses: Ar Kar Aung, Department of General Medicine and Infectious Diseases, The Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia, and School of Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, E-mail: email@example.com. Denis W. Spelman, Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, The Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia, and Microbiology Unit, Monash University, Victoria, Australia, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.