Human Monkeypox in the Kivus, a Conflict Region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Andrea M. McCollum Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Yoshinori Nakazawa Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Guy Mutombo Ndongala Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Elisabeth Pukuta Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Stomy Karhemere Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Robert Shongo Lushima Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Benoit Kebela Ilunga Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Joelle Kabamba Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Kimberly Wilkins Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Jinxin Gao Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Yu Li Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Ginny Emerson Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Inger K. Damon Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Darin S. Carroll Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Mary G. Reynolds Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Jean Malekani Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfum Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Monkeypox (MPX) is a zoonotic Orthopoxvirus infection endemic in central and western Africa. Human MPX cases occur in the central and northern regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and this is the first report of confirmed MPX cases in the forested areas of North and South Kivu Provinces, with a detailed epidemiological investigation for one case. The location of each case is within areas predicted to be suitable for MPX virus transmission based on an ecological niche model. Phylogenetic analysis places these viruses in the Congo Basin clade.

Author Notes

* Address correspondence to Andrea M. McCollum, 1600 Clifton Road, MS A-30, Atlanta, GA 30333. E-mail: azv4@cdc.gov

Authors' addresses: Andrea M. McCollum, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Kimberly Wilkins, Jinxin Gao, Yu Li, Ginny Emerson, Inger K. Damon, Darin S. Carroll, and Mary G. Reynolds, Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, E-mails: azv4@cdc.gov, inp7@cdc.gov, ibx4@cdc.gov, wzo5@cdc.gov, dtt4@cdc.gov, iad7@cdc.gov, zuz4@cdc.gov, and nzr6@cdc.gov. Guy Mutombo Ndongala, Division Provinciale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Goma, Nord-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, E-mail: guymutombon@yahoo.fr. Elisabeth Pukuta, Stomy Karhemere, and Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfum, Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, E-mails: elisepukuta@gmail.com, stomy_karhem@yahoo.fr, and muyembejj@gmail.com. Robert Shongo Lushima and Benoit Kebela Ilunga, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, E-mails: robert_shongo@yahoo.fr and kebelailunga@yahoo.fr. Joelle Kabamba, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, E-mail: jlz7@cdc.gov. Jean Malekani, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, E-mail: elevagefaune@yahoo.fr.

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