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The Le Dantec serogroup of rhabdoviruses comprises Le Dantec virus from a human with encephalitis and Keuriliba virus from rodents, each isolated in Senegal. The Kern Canyon serogroup comprises a loosely connected set of rhabdoviruses many of which have been isolated from bats, including Kern Canyon virus from California, Nkolbisson virus from Cameroon, Central African Republic, and Cote d'Ivoire, Kolente virus from Guinea, Mount Elgon bat and Fikirini viruses from Kenya, and Oita virus from Japan. Fukuoka virus isolated from mosquitoes, midges, and cattle in Japan, Barur virus from a rodent in India and Nishimuro virus from pigs in Japan have also been linked genetically or serologically to this group. Here, we analyze the genome sequences and phylogenetic relationships of this set of viruses. We show that they form three subgroups within a monophyletic group, which we propose should constitute the new genus Ledantevirus.
Financial support: This work was supported in part by a grant from the Institute for Human Infections and Immunity, University of Texas Medical Branch (NV), NIH contract HHSN272201000040I/HHSN27200004/D04 (RBT, NV). ECH is supported by an NHMRC Australia Fellowship.
Authors' addresses: Kim R. Blasdell, Cadhla Firth, and Peter J. Walker, CSIRO Biosecurity, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, Victoria 3220, Australia, E-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, and peter.walker@csiro,au. Hilda Guzman, Robert B. Tesh, and Nikos Vasilakis, Center for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases and Department of Pathology, Center for Tropical Diseases, and Institute for Human Infections and Immunity, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, E-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, and firstname.lastname@example.org. Steven G. Widen and Thomas G. Wood, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, E-mails: email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org. Edward C. Holmes, Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, School of Biological Sciences and Sydney Medical School, Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales 2006, Australia, E-mail: email@example.com.