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Seroprevalence of Seven Zoonotic Pathogens in Pregnant Women from the Caribbean

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  • National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; University of Laval, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada; St. George's University, St. George's, Grenada; Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, St. Kitts; Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada; Caribbean EcoHealth Programme, St. George's, Grenada

Studies examining the prevalence of zoonotic agents in the Caribbean are very limited. The objective of this study was to examine the seroprevalence of seven zoonotic agents among individuals residing on 10 English-speaking Caribbean countries. Sera from healthy, pregnant women were collected from Antigua-Barbuda, Belize, Bermuda, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts-Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent-Grenadines and tested for the presence of IgG antibodies to dengue virus, hepatitis E virus, hantaviruses, leptospiral agents, spotted fever group rickettsiae (SFGR), typhus group rickettsiae (TGR), and Coxiella burnetii (Q fever). The highest seroprevalence values were observed for dengue virus, SFGR, and leptospirosis, although the lowest seroprevalence values were observed for hepatitis E virus, C. burnetii, and TGR. Antibodies to hantaviruses were not detected in any individuals.

Author Notes

* Address correspondence to Heidi Wood, 1015 Arlington Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3E 3R2. E-mail: Heidi.Wood@phac-aspc.gc.ca

Authors' addresses: Heidi Wood, Michael A. Drebot, Liz Dillon, Kristina Dimitrova, Allen Grolla, and Kai Makowski, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, E-mails: Heidi.Wood@phac-aspc.gc.ca, Mike.Drebot@phac-aspc.gc.ca, Liz.Dillon@phac-aspc.gc.ca, Kristina.Dimitrova@phac-aspc.gc.ca, Allen.Grolla@phac-aspc.gc.ca, and Kai.Makowski@phac-aspc.gc.ca. Eric Dewailly, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, E-mail: Eric.Dewailly@crchul.ulaval.ca. Martin Forde, St. George's University, St. George's, Grenada, E-mail: martinforde@gmail.com. Elise Lee, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, E-mail: elise575@gmail.com. Amanda Loftis, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, St. Kitts, E-mail: adloftis@gmail.com. Karen Morrison, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, E-mail: kmorriso@yorku.ca. Lyndon Robertson, Caribbean EcoHealth Programme (CEHP), Windward Islands Research and Education Foundation (WINDREF), St. George's, Grenada, E-mail: forbes.robertson@gmail.com. Rosina C. Krecek, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, and University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park, South Africa, E-mail: tkrecek@cvm.tamu.edu.

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